GEORGIAN

[Robert Bree, physician specialising in respiratory disorders.] Two Autograph Letters Signed ('R Bree' and 'Robt Bree') to physician and Egyptologist Thomas Joseph Pettigrew, explaining his praise of the Duke of Sussex in his Harveian Lectures.

Author: 
Robert Bree (1759-1839), physician specialising in respiratory problems, who treated the asthma of the Duke of Sussex [Thomas Joseph Pettigrew (1791-1865), physician and Egyptologist]
Publication details: 
Both from George Street, Hanover Square [London]. 27 June 1827 and 6 February 1828.
£950.00

For the recipient Thomas Joseph Pettigrew see the Oxford DNB. Pettigrew was personal physician and librarian to the Duke of Sussex, who had consulted Bree for asthma, and by whose advice Bree had removed in 1804 from Birmingham to Hanover Square in London. Having been a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians since 1807, Bree was chosen Harveian lecturer in 1827, publishing the course of lectures in the following year. Both items in good condition, lightly aged, each with a thin strip of paper from the mount adhering to the reverse of the second leaf. ONE: 27 June 1827. 3pp, 12mo. Bifolium.

[Sir Astley Cooper to Sir Benjamin Brodie.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Astley Cooper') to 'My dear Sir Benjn', stating his opinion regarding a disagreement 'upon the point of the Surgical Examinations at the College', i.e. Royal College of Surgeons.

Author: 
Sir Astley Cooper [Sir Astley Paston Cooper] (1768-1841), Sarjeant Surgeon to George IV [Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, (1783-1862), surgeon; Royal College of Surgeons, London]
Publication details: 
Without place or date. [After 1834.]
£180.00

An interesting letter, in which Cooper states his position regarding the surgical examination at the Royal College of Surgeons. Cooper and Brodie both had strong connections with College. Cooper served as President in 1827 and 1836, and was appointed Professor of Comparative Anatomy in 1813. According to Plarr's Lives, Brodie 'became a Member in 1805, a Fellow in 1843, and from 1819 to 1823 he was Professor of Anatomy, Physiology, and Surgery'.

[Sir Charles Blagden, physician and scientist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('C. Blagden') to Louis Odier, Genevan physician, regarding the sojourn in England of Jean-François Berger, and the changes in Geneva.

Author: 
Sir Charles Blagden [Sir Charles Brian Blagden] (1748-1820), physician and scientist, Royal Society secretary [Louis Odier (1748-1817) and Jean-François Berger (1779-1833), physicians of Geneva]
Publication details: 
No place. 13 February 1810.
£350.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse of second leaf, which is addressed 'À Monsieur | Monsieur L. Odier | Docteur et Professeur en Médecine | à Genève.' He begins by expressing the 'great pleasure' he has felt in again seeing Odier's handwriting, and learning that he and his family are in good health.

[Thomas Arnold, physician and writer on mental illness.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thos. Arnold.') to physician and botanist Richard Pulteney, requesting on behalf of William Withering the loan of a book and assistance with his researches..

Author: 
Thomas Arnold (1742-1816), Leicester physician and writer on mental illness [Richard Pulteney (1730-1801), physician and botanist, biographer of Linnaeus; William Withering (1741-1799), botanist]
Publication details: 
Leicester; 21 September 1789.
£400.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium, addressed on reverse of second leaf, with seal in red wax, to 'Dr. Pulteney, Physician, | at Blandford, | Dorsetshire.' Arnold begins by stating that he is 'desired by Dr: Withering' to inform Pulteney 'that he has part of the third Volume of his Botanical Arrangement ready for your acceptance, & will put it into my hand to convey to you, in a few days'. Withering 'reserves for further investigation' the 'Class Cryptogamia' and 'means to introduce a synoptic view of all Hedwig's discoveries'.

[Spencer Perceval; Edward Irving and the Catholic Apostolic Church.] Autograph Copy of Letter from Spencer Perceval junior to Robert Baxter, denouncing his attack on his 'friend' in his book 'Irvingism, in its Rise, Progress and Present State'.

Author: 
Spencer Perceval (1795-1859), Member of Parliament, son of Prime Minister of same name [Robert Baxter of Doncaster; Edward Irving, Scottish preacher, founder of Catholic Apostolic Church (Irvingism)]
Publication details: 
[1836.]
£180.00

The author of this letter was the son of the British Prime Minister of the same name. After his father's assassination he became 'in Lord Teignmouth’s words “the spoiled child of the nation”: the benchers of Lincoln’s Inn provided him with a free legal training; Parliament granted him an annuity of £1,000; his appointment to a tellership of the Exchequer in February 1813 supplied further financial security' (History of Parliament).

[Andreas Andersen Feldborg, Danish author.] Three Autograph Letters Signed, in English, to Rev. Edward Duke, regarding his English and continental travels,friends (Sir Richard Colt Hoare and Walter Scott), works. With two printed subscription lists.

Author: 
Andreas Andersen Feldborg (1782-1838), Danish author in England, friend of Robert Southey, teacher of English at University of Göttingen [Edward Duke (1779-1852), antiquary]
Publication details: 
The three letters from Germany. 'Frankfort on the Main'; 18 January 1826. Göttingen; 30 December 1826 and 12 March 1827.
£2,500.00

Feldborg is mentioned several times in Southey's correspondence, and at one point contemplated translating Southey's life of Nelson into Danish. See Duke's entry in the Oxford DNB. The three letters are in fair condition, a little brittle and lightly aged and worn, with a closed tears along fold lines. The third letter has loss to second leaf from breaking of seal. Excellent energetic letters, giving a good indication of Feldborg's character and the circle he moved in while resident in England.

[Sir Andrew Halliday, physician to William IV.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Andrew Halliday -') to Prime Minister Lord Melbourne, offering to 'sacrifice' his 'emoluments' and become inspector of 'all the public and Private Asylums in England and Wales

Author: 
Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839), Scottish physician to William IV [Lord Melbourne [William Lamb I1779-1848), 2nd Viscount Melbourne], Prime Minister]
Publication details: 
Hampton Court; 11 January 1831.
£2,000.00

7pp, 4to. Containing 112 lines of text on two bifoliums. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. Headed 'Private', and with the heading, date and place written by Halliday at a different time from the rest of the text. A long and impassioned letter, in which Halliday offers to become inspector of 'all the public and Private Asylums in England and Wales', at a payment of no more than £150 a year in expenses.

[George IV as Prince Regent, and former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary.] Warrant, signed 'George P R' and 'Sidmouth', appointing 'George Philips Esqr. Captain in the York Chasseurs', with signatures of Robert Lukin and Thomas Butts.

Author: 
George IV as Prince Regent; Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth] (1757-1844), Prime Minister; Thomas Butts (1757-1845), patron of William Blake; Robert Lukin; York Chasseurs
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Carlton House the Sixteenth Day of March 1815 In the Fifty fifth Year of Our Reign.'
£400.00

On one side of a 29 x 39 cm piece of vellum. In fair condition, with the usual discoloration found in vellum. A printed document, completed in manuscript, with a good example of George IV's signature as Prince Regent ('George P R') at top left. The royal seal has been removed from the space beneath the Prince Regent's signature. The signature of the Home Secretary ('Sidmouth') is at bottom right, somewhat faded. The document is a warrant appointing 'George Philips Esqr. Captain in the York Chasseurs', 'Commanded by Our Trusty and Welbeloved Major General Hugh Mackay Gordon'.

[William IV and his asthma.] Autograph Manuscript Signed by 'W. J. Griffinhoofe', royal apothecary, titled 'An Outline of the general treatment of His Royal Highness The Duke of Clarence during his periodical annual attack of Asthma'.

Author: 
William IV (1765-1837), King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1830-1837; W. J. Griffinhoofe, royal apothecary [Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839)]
Publication details: 
Without place or date [c.1810?].
£1,200.00

William IV ceased to be styled the Duke of Clarence on his accession to the throne in 1830. For 'the family of Griffinhoofe, Saffron Walden', see Charles K. Probert's piece in Notes and Queries, 14 November 1874, which states that 'The first of the family who came to this country was a Mr. Griffinhoofe, who, as Court Apothecary, accompanied George I. from Hanover.' The family clearly continued their connection with royalty, as the author of this document W. J.

[Sir Robert Peel, Prime Minister, as Home Secretary.] Autograph List of appointments by him of Lunacy Commissioners (following on from the 1828 Madhouse Act), with Autograph Note by him on the matter.

Author: 
Sir Robert Peel (1788-1850), Tory Prime Minister and creator of the Metropolitan Police ('Peelers') [Metropolitan Lunacy Commission; 1828 Madhouse Act]
Publication details: 
[Home Office, Whitehall; 1828.]
£2,000.00

In August 1828, following the passing of the 1828 Madhouse Act, the Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel established a commission to oversee London's madhouses, consisting of five physicians, six Middlesex JPs, and ten other honorary (i.e. unpaid) commissioners. The present document by Peel casts interesting light on the process of appointment. It is on both sides of 18 x 23 cm piece of paper, evidently used as envelope for 'the Instrument' mentioned in Peel's note. Aged, and with tear and hole caused by breaking open of seal. Folded twice.

[William Battie, physician, pioneer in the treatment of the insane.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W Battie') to 'Mr Nicholson at Croydon', regarding payment of money due to 'Miss Mariett'.

Author: 
William Battie (c.1703-1776), physician, pioneer in the treatment of the insane, and author of the influential 'A Treatise on Madness' (1758)
Publication details: 
No place; 3 March 1763.
£100.00

For information on Battie, see his entry in the Oxford DNB. 1p, 8vo. Originally a bifolium, but with the two leaves now separated, and each neatly placed in a windowpane mount of cream paper. Addressed, with postmark, on the reverse of what was the second leaf, 'To | Mr Nicholson | At Croydon | Surry'. The exact subject of the letter is unclear. (In 1747 the Gentleman's Magazine referred to 'Samuel Nicholson of Croydon, Esq.', and in 1780 the same journal announced the bankruptcy of 'Wm.

[Sir Astley Cooper, Sarjeant Surgeon to George IV.] Autograph Note Signed ('Astley Cooper') to the Prime Minister Earl of Liverpool, reporting [on King George IV's health] that there has been a 'smart attack of ye Gout'.

Author: 
Sir Astley Cooper [Sir Astley Paston Cooper] (1768-1841), eminent surgeon and anatomist, Sarjeant Surgeon to George IV [Lord Liverpool [Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool] (1770-1828)]
Publication details: 
No place. 'Sunday - | May 21st 1821 -'.
£400.00

1p, 4to. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged, with small printed biographical slip laid down at top left of page. Addressed on reverse of second leaf, with broken seal in black wax, to 'The Rt Honble Earl of Liverpool'. Reads: 'My Lord - | A smart attack of ye Gout occurred yesterday as I had anticipated, but every thing appears to be going on well this morning | I have ye honour | to be | Your obliged & obedt | Servt | Astley Cooper'.

George III and Lord Liverpool, Prime Minister (as Secretary of State for War).] 'Blind Signature' of George III, with seal, and signatures of 'Liverpool', Robert Lukin and Thomas Butts, to commission of William Adams as Surgeon to the Forces.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820), King of Great Britain; Lord Liverpool [Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool] (1770-1828), Prime Minister; Thomas Butts (1757-1845), patron of William Blake; Robert Lukin
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Saint James's the Fifteenth day of June 1809 in the forty ninth Year of Our Reign'.
£500.00

On one side of 23.5 x 34 cm piece of vellum. In fair condition, with the usual discoloration of ageing in the vellum. Folded twice vertically. The king's 'blind signature' ('George R') is in the customary place at top left, with the seal in red wax under paper below it, and slightly obscuring it. The document is a printed form, filled out in manuscript, beginning: 'George the Third by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King Defender of the Faith &ca.

[George III and Richard Ryder, Home Secretary.] 'Blind signature' and seal of George III, to vellum commission appointing Sir Thomas Brisbane a 'Colonel in Our Army', with signatures of Home Secretary Richard Ryder, Thomas Butts and Robert Lukin.

Author: 
George III, King of Great Britain; Richard Ryder, Home Secretary; Robert Lukin; Thomas Butts (patron of William Blake); Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane
Publication details: 
Given at Our Court at Saint James's the Twenty fifth Day of July 1810 In the Fiftieth Year of our Reign.
£800.00

The document relates to Major General Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane (1773-1860), Governor of New South Wales 1821-1825, after whom the city of Brisbane is named. On one side of 40 x 29 cm piece of vellum, with thin strip cut away from top right-hand corner. In good condition, with light discoloration of ageing in the vellum. Folded three times. The king's 'blind signature' ('George R') is in the customary place at top left, with the royal seal in red wax under paper below it, and a tax stamp embossed on blue paper beneath that, with corresponding printed label on reverse.

[Princess Elizabeth, daughter of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Elizabeth') to Anna Maria Dashwood, regarding an offer from Lord Cathcart to place her father Sir Henry Dashwood's eldest son in the Life Guards.

Author: 
Princess Elizabeth (1770-1840), daughter of George III, Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg, artist [Anna Maria Tottenham-Loftus, Marchionesss of Ely; Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood; Lord Cathcart]
Publication details: 
Weymouth; 15 September 1799.
£500.00

The recipient Anna Maria Dashwood (1785-1857) was the daughter of Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood (1745-1828), and was fourteen years old at the time the letter was written. In 1810 she would marry John Loftus (1770-1845), 2nd Marquess of Ely. An Anne Dashwood – presumably a relation – had been a maid of honour of Princess Elizabeth's mother Queen Charlotte. The letter is written in the most affectionate terms, and concerns an offer by William Cathcart (1755-1843), 1st Earl Cathcart, to place Sir Henry Dashwood's eldest son Henry George Mayne Dashwood (1782-1803) in the Life Guards. 5pp, 4to.

[George Cheyne, Scottish physician and psychiatric pioneer.] Two Autograph Letters Signed ('Geo: Cheyne') to MP John Selwyn junior, giving diagnosis and medical and dietary advice regarding his affliction with 'frequent palpitations, & oppressions'.

Author: 
George Cheyne (c.1671-1743), celebrated Scottish physician and pioneer in the field of psychiatry
Publication details: 
Bath; 13 and 20 October 1735.
£1,200.00

Throughout the Georgian period Cheyne was one of the most influential figures in the field of psychiatric disorders. He has been described by Professor Roy Porter as 'one of the originators of the neurological school of psychiatry'.'By insisting that the key to the troubled spirit lay in sociopathology,' Porter states, 'Cheyne established the agenda for what would eventually become psychiatric epidemiology.' While dealing with physical ailment rather than mental disorder, the present two long letters cast a fascinating light on his process of diagnosis and treatment.

[William Babington, Physician to Guy's Hospital.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Wm. Babington') to the surgeon Nicholas Birch, rearranging a meeting due to 'attendance this morning at Westminster Hall'.

Author: 
William Babington (1756-1833), Anglo-Irish Physician to Guy's Hospital and mineralogist [Nicholas Birch (c.1747-1833), London surgeon]
Publication details: 
17 Aldermanbury [London]. 17 July 1813.
£120.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged. The breaking open of the letter has left a corner of the second leaf under the wafer. Addressed, with two postmarks, on reverse of second leaf to 'Mr. Birch | Surgeon | Mansell Street | Goodmans Fields'. The letter reads: 'Dear Sir, | An attendance this morning at Westminster Hall will put it out of my power to be with you before the afternoon.

[Sophia Beckedorff, Keeper of the Robes to Queen Charlotte, wife of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed, describing the queen's reaction to the death of her granddaughter Charlotte, Princess of Wales.

Author: 
Sophia Beckedorff, Keeper of the Robes to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), Queen Consort of King George III, 1807-1818
Publication details: 
Windsor Castle; 14 November [1817].
£320.00

An interesting letter, providing an insight into Queen Charlotte's reaction to the death of her granddaughter Charlotte, Princess of Wales, who died in childbirth on 6 November 1817. (According to the Oxford DNB, the queen 'collaborated enthusiastically with Princess Charlotte in arranging her wedding in May 1816. Sadly the queen was ill, taking the waters at Bath, when Princess Charlotte died in childbirth in November 1817, depriving the nation of its much loved heiress presumptive.') 1p, 4to. On bifolium of paper with mourning border, watermarked 'DOBBS | 1816'. Folded four times.

[Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Frederick') to 'Grenville' [William Wyndham Grenville, future prime minister], regarding war and 'opportunity of humbling France', Welch Fusiliers, Allerton, buying a town house.

Author: 
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (1763-1827), second son of George III, heir to George IV, reformer of the British Army [William Wyndham Grenville, Lord Grenville (1759-1834), Prime Minister
Publication details: 
Allerton Maleverer [sic]; 14 October 1787.
£500.00

An interesting intimate letter from the Duke of York, credited with having done more to reform the British Army than any other man, to the future Prime Minister Grenville, who at the time was Paymaster General of the Forces. Of particular note is the Duke's desire to go to war, 'for I am sure we never have had for these two Centuries so favourable an opportunity of humbling France'. 4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. Folded three times. Sixty-one lines of text.

[Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh ('Silly Billy').] Autograph Letter Signed ('William Frederick') to a duke, reporting that he has placed Edward Gage in his regiment, as requested.

Author: 
Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh ['Silly Billy'] (1776-1834), great-grandson of George II, nephew and son-in-law of George III
Publication details: 
Bagshot Park; 27 October 1830.
£220.00

1p, 4to. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. The letter reads: 'My dear Duke | I have much gratification in acquainting Your Grace that I have placed Mr Edward Gage in my Regiment, and I am sure You will believe that it affords me great satisfaction to have had so early an opportunity of meeting Your Wishes It will be necessary for him to lodge the purchase money at Messrs.

[Sir Everard Home, Serjeant Surgeon to King George III.] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Messrs. Laddiges', i.e. firm of George Laddiges, Hackney nurseryman, regarding bananas cultivated to 'perfection', with reference to 'Mr Eyton' and Kew.

Author: 
Sir Everard Home, 1st Baronet (1756-1832), Serjeant Surgeon to King George III, brother-in-law and pupil at St George's Hospital of John Hunter (1728-1793) [George Laddiges, Hackney nurseryman]
Publication details: 
Sackville St [London]; 30 October 1826.
£200.00

An interesting letter regarding the early cultivation of bananas in London. 1p, 4to. In fair condition, lightly aged, with slight nicking to one edge. Neatly written over nine lines. Reads: 'Sir Everard Home is much obliged to Messrs. Laddiges for a present of some very fine Bananas, which were quite ripe, and had a flavour Sir Everard had no idea that they ever could acquire in this Climate. He mentioned yesterday to Mr Eyton with astonishment who said they had fruited at Kew, but not He believed to such perfection'.

[George IV as Prince Regent, and former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary.] Warrant Signed by 'George P R.' and 'Sidmouth', directing that Matthias Maher be removed from the Lunatic Asylum in St George's Fields to Newgate Prison.

Author: 
George IV as Prince Regent; Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth] (1757-1844), Prime Minister; William Erasmus Hardy of Newgate Prison; Matthias Maher [Transportation; Australia]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Carlton House the Thirty first day of July 1819, in the Fifty ninth Year of Our Reign.'
£650.00

This document, signed by George IV as Prince Regent, and by the former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary, relates to Matthias Maher (1798-1865), a Royal Navy officer who was twice tried at the Old Bailey on a charge of forgery. On the first occasion, 6 May 1818, he was found not guilty by reason of insanity; and removed to the criminal asylum in St George's Fields. Maher was found sound of mind – as the present document reveals by Sir George Leman Tuthill (1772–1835) and Edward Wright (c.1788-1859), the latter to die of disgrace in Australia.

[William IV (as Duke of Clarence) [to his domestic physician Sir Andrew Halliday].] Autograph Letter Signed ('William')

Author: 
William IV (1765-1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1830-1837; his domestic physician (when Duke of Clarence) Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839)
Publication details: 
Bushy House; 28 September 1814.
£200.00

1p, 4to. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse, which is endorsed: 'An original letter of King William the Fourth when Duke of Clarence addressed to Dr Halliday'. Reads: 'Dear Sir, | I have received your letter from Ghent and immediately made application to General Torrens whose answer I now enclose: I shall be anxious to see your book and ever remain, | Yours sincerely, | William'. At the time of writing Halliday was an army surgeon. 'General Torrens' is Major-General Sir Henry Torrens (1779-1828), from 1820 Adjutant-General to the Forces.

[George IV and Home Secretary and future Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel.] Autograph Signatures of the King ('George R.') and Peel ('R Peel') to 'Warrant for the removal of John Raddon to the Criminal Lunatic Asylum in St Georges Fields'.

Author: 
George IV (1762-1830), King of Great Britain; Sir Robert Peel (1788-1850), Prime Minister and creator of the British police force
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Carlton House the Fifth day of February 1824, in the Fifth Year of Our Reign.'
£500.00

2pp, foolscap 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to one edge. Folded twice. Large heavily-smudged signature of the king ('George R.') at head of first page, which has the royal seal under paper in the left-hand margin. Signed at end of document ('By His Majesty's Command') by the Home Secretary and future Prime Minister: 'R Peel'.

[Sylvester, Lord Glenbervie and Thomas Steele, Joint Paymasters General of the Forces.] Both men's Autograph Signatures, with seals, to document witnessed by P. George Craufurd and Harry Harmood, appointing their attorneys.

Author: 
Sylvester, Lord Glenbervie [Sylvester Douglas, 1st Baron Glenbervie] and Thomas Steele, Joint Paymasters General of the Forces; Patrick George Craufurd and Harry Harmood of Army Pay Office
Publication details: 
'this 26th. day of March In the Forty first Year of His Majesty's Reign, and in the Year of our Lord One thousand Eight hundred and One.'
£450.00

See the entries for Sylvester Douglas, 1st Baron Glenbervie (1743-1823), and Thomas Steele (1753-1823) in the Oxford DNB. The two men served as Joint Paymasters General of the Forces, 1801-1803. 2pp, foolscap 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip from mount adhering to the reverse of the leaf. Embossed tax stamp at top left of first page. The signatures of 'Thos. Steele' and 'Glenbervie' are at bottom right, with the men's seals in red wax beside them (Steele's in fair condition, and Glenbervie's lacking a segment from chipping). Witnessed at bottom left by P.

[Lord Charles Somerset and George Rose, Joint Paymasters General of the Forces.] Both men's Autograph Signatures, with those of witnesses Henry Hallam, William Stewart Rose, Henry Wrottesley and [Mark?] Blyth, to document appointing attorneys.

Author: 
George Rose (1744-1818) and Lord Charles Somerset (1767-1831), Joint Paymasters General of the Forces; Henry Hallam, historian; William Stewart Rose; Henry Wrottesley; [Mark?] Blyth
Publication details: 
'this 8th. day of November one Thousand Eight Hundred and five, in the forty Sixth Year o f His Majesty's Reign'.
£600.00

For information about George Rose (1744-1818) and Lord Charles Somerset (1767-1831) see their entries in the Oxford DNB. The two men served as Joint Paymasters General of the Forces, 1804-1806. Rose, who was a close friend of Lord Nelson, was mocked by Cobbett for enriching his family at the public expense. The present document, witnessed by one of his second sons the poet William Stewart Rose (1775-1843), appoints his eldest son, the future Sir George Henry Rose, (1771-1855), as one of the two attorneys of his office.

[Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, son of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Augustus Frederick') to 'My Dear Small, written from Vienna, regarding 'the Songs Which I promised', which 'Isouard' intends to publish.

Author: 
Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843), sixth son of George III, bibliophile [Nicolas Isouard (1773-1818), composer]
Publication details: 
'Vienna 7ber the 24th. 1798'.
£400.00

1p, 4to. On bifolium endorsed on reverse of second leaf: 'Prince Augustus | Vienna | October 25 | 1798'. In fair condition, aged and worn. Folded four times. Written in an undisciplined hand with an expansive signature (different from his later signature in being underlined). Reads: 'My Dear Small | Enclosed You Will find the Songs Which I promised You but You must not publish them as else I should do Harm to Isouard Who has that Intention. Probably You Will get them after I leave this Place being on my Road to Berlin.

[Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, son of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Augustus Frederick') [to Earl St Vincent], attacking the Prime Minister Lord Liverpool while discussing his election as President of the Royal Society of Arts.

Author: 
Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843), sixth son of George III, bibliophile [John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent (1735-1823), naval hero; Ellis Cornelia Knight (1757-1837); Lord Liverpool]
Publication details: 
Kensington Palace; 3 February 1816.
£750.00

An interesting letter, attacking the serving Tory Prime Minister Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (1770-1828), who had stood against the Duke of Sussex (noted for his liberal sympathies) in the election for President of the Royal Society of Arts. 3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Folded three times. The recipient is not named, but is identified in an endorsement on the reverse of the second leaf as 'Earl St Vincent'. Written in a hurried, untidy hand.

[Sir William Knighton, Keeper of the Privy Purse, physician, secretary and confidante to George IV.] Autograph Note Signed ('W Knighton') [as Secretary to the Sovereign] to 'Sir Henry', arranging a meeting with the king.

Author: 
Sir William Knighton (1776-1836), Keeper of the Privy Purse and private secretary to George IV; previously Physician in Ordinary to him when Prince of Wales
Publication details: 
Carlton Palace [London]. 'Thursday Night' [no date, on paper watermarked 1821].
£200.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged. Reads: 'Dear Sir Henry | The King desires to see You at Carlton House to morrow Morning at eleven oclock - punctually. | Yours affect | W Knighton'. Knighton was instrumental in clearing the king's enormous debts in three years from 1822. Such was his influence that letters from the King to Knighton were addressed to 'M[y] D[ear] F[riend]'. From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[Lord Mansfield, Scottish jurist whose judgments reformed English law on slavery.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Mansfield') [to the Earl of Liverpool] regarding his recovery from ill health and recuperation at Mount Ephraim.

Author: 
Lord Mansfield [William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield (1705-1793)], distinguished Scottish jurist whose judgments reformed English law on slavery [Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool (1729-1808)]
Publication details: 
'Mount Ephraim [near Tunbridge Wells, Kent] 2d Septr. 1784'.
£300.00

1p, 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to blank reverse. Folded once.. A neatly-written letter of fourteen lines. The recipient is not named, but is Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool (1729-1808), whose country seat was Addiscombe Park in Surrey. Mansfield served in the First Pitt Ministry with Liverpool (then Lord Hawkesbury), the former as Lord President of the Council, and the latter as President of the Board of Trade.

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