WELLINGTON

[ Castlereagh; HRH The Duke of York, Field-Marshall, C in C ] Valediction of Autograph Letter only, signed "Castlereagh"

Author: 
Castlereagh [Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (1769 – 1822), usually known as Lord Castlereagh]
Publication details: 
Docketed '2 September 1807'
£30.00

Clipped signature/valediction, 18 x 3.5cms, good condition. Text: "very favorable. | I have the honor to be | your R. Highness | most faithful | & obedient Serv[ant] | Castlereagh", parallel to "H.R.H. | The Com[mande]r in Chief". Castlereagh was Secretary of State for War in 1807.

[ Sir John Shelley, HRH Duke of York ] Valediction only of Autograph Letter Signed "J Shelley" to [HRH The Duke of York, Field-Marshall, C in C ] referring to recent victory of Waterloo.

Author: 
Sir John Shelley [ 6th Baronet (1771–1852), landowner, Member of Parliament and amateur cricketer.]
Publication details: 
[Docketed ] 7 August 1812
£56.00

Valediction of Letter only, 19 x 9cm, laid down on similar sized piece of paper, from collection of similar valedictions most of which mention the Duke of York as recipient. Text: "news from Ld Wellington, at which I sincerely rejoice | I have the honour to be Sir | with the greatest respect & attachment | Yr obdt Servt | J Shelley." Docketed by HRH (probably) or secretary (Date and Sender) and from a large collection of similar valedictions (similarly docketed), so often to the Duke of York ("Royal Highness" etc) that they may reveal the fate of his incoming correspondence, or part of it..

[Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Mr. Fortescue', regarding 'his Letter and two petitions'.

Author: 
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), British Field Marshal and Prime Minister, conqueror of the French in the Peninsular Campaign, and of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo
Publication details: 
27 May 1830; London.
£100.00

2pp, 16mo. In fair condition, on aged and discoloured paper. Folded twice. Written in typically businesslike style, towards the end of Wellington's ministry, which ran from January 1828 to November 1830. Reads: 'The Duke of Wellington presents his Compliments to Mr. Fortescue. | The Duke has received his Letter and two petitions: The Duke will present that from Stratford on Avon to the House of Lords as soon as the Regulations of the House will permit.

[Sir Stratford Canning [Lord Stratford de Redcliffe], diplomat.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Stratford de R.') to Lord Monteagle, giving his 'dog-latin' inscription for the tomb of the Duke of Wellington's brother Lord Wellesley ('Duke of Hindostan').

Author: 
Sir Stratford Canning [Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe] (1786-1880), diplomat and politician [Richard Colley Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley; Thomas Spring Rice [Lord Monteagle of Brandon]]
Publication details: 
'Gr: Sq:', i.e. Grosvenor Square, London. 4 August 1861.
£50.00

The four-line Latin poem in this letter by Lord Stratford de Redcliffe (better known as Sir Stratford Canning and cousin of Prime Minister George Canning) is apparently unknown, and certainly unpublished. The letter is 3pp, 16mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice.

[Edward Drummond, Personal Secretary to Sir Robert Peel, fatally shot by Daniel McNaughton.] Autograph Note Signed ('Edwd Drummond') to Sir Thomas Phillipps, acknowledging receipt of letter. With pencil note by Phillipps.

Author: 
Edward Drummond (1792-1843), Personal Secretary to four British Prime Ministers including the Duke of Wellington and Sir Robert Peel, shot by Daniel McNaughton [Sir Thomas Phillipps (1792-1872)]
Publication details: 
Downing Street [London]; 7 February 1842.
£200.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with unobtrusive spike hole to corner through both leaves. Addressed to 'Sir Thomas Phillipps Bart', and reading: 'Sir, | I am desired by Sir Robert Peel to acknowledge the Receipt of your Letter of the 3d Instant containing suggestions for the Improvement of the Public Revenue. | I am Sir | Your obedient Servant | Edwd Drummond'.

[General Election of 1835: the Duke of Wellington's brother Lord Charles Wellesley defeated at Rochester by one vote.] Manuscript documents from legal team of victorious candidate T. T. Hodges, at House of Commons 'Controverted Election' committee.

Author: 
Lord Charles Wellesley; Thomas Twisden Hodges; General Election, 1835; Rochester Kent; Controverted Elections; House of Commons Committee of Privileges and Elections; Duke of Wellington
Publication details: 
House of Commons, Houses of Parliament, Westminster (London). [Rochester, Kent.] 1836 and 1837.
£500.00

Between 1604 and 1868 the House of Commons exercised jurisdiction over controverted (disputed) elections, which were usually referred to its Committee of Privileges and Elections. The Parliamentary Archives hold the Controverted Elections Court Evidence minute books for the period between 1829 and 1906. The minute books contain transcripts of the evidence laid before the committee.

Autograph Letter Signed ('Ellenborough') to 'W Astell Esq'.

Author: 
Edward Law, 1st Earl of Ellenborough (1790-1871), Tory politician and Governor-General of India [William Astell (1774-1847), Director of the East India Company]
Publication details: 
8 June 1830. India Board.
£38.00

12mo: 2 pp. Eleven lines of text. A bifolium, docketed on the otherwise-blank second leaf '8 June 1830 | Ld. Ellenborough'. Good: lightly spotted and with traces of grey paper mount adhering to edge on reverse of second leaf. He is enclosing a letter (not present) 'from Keene' (docketed [by Astell?] ('Kearney.)', and possibly the watercolourist W. H. Kearney). 'I must not enter into a Correspondence with him and he asks nothing definite.' Asks Astell to 'consider the matter' and to let him know his opinion on the coming Saturday.

Autograph Letter Signed ('Ellenborough') to 'W Astell Esq'.

Author: 
Edward Law, 1st Earl of Ellenborough (1790-1871), Tory politician and Governor-General of India [William Astell (1774-1847), Director of the East India Company]
Publication details: 
8 June 1830. India Board.
£38.00

12mo: 2 pp. Eleven lines of text. A bifolium, docketed on the otherwise-blank second leaf '8 June 1830 | Ld. Ellenborough'. Good: lightly spotted and with traces of grey paper mount adhering to edge on reverse of second leaf. He is enclosing a letter (not present) 'from Keene' (docketed [by Astell?] ('Kearney.)', and possibly the watercolourist W. H. Kearney). 'I must not enter into a Correspondence with him and he asks nothing definite.' Asks Astell to 'consider the matter' and to let him know his opinion on the coming Saturday.

[ Lord William Pitt Lennox. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Willm P. Lennox') to an unnamed recipient, regarding the sale of a copyright to the London publishers Hurst & Blackett.

Author: 
Lord William Pitt Lennox (1799-1881), British Army officer and author [ Hurst & Blackett, London publishers ]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Hall Place, Tunbridge. 16 July 1863.
£80.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition. The subject of the letter is probably Lennox's Fifty Years' Biographical Reminiscences', published by Hurst and Blackett in 1863. Lennox is 'extremely flattered' at the contents of the recipient's letter, but has 'disposed of the copy right to Messrs Hurst and Blackett. 13. Gr. Marlborough St.', to whom he refers the recipient. 'Had I been in London I would have done myself the pleasure of expressing my thanks in person'.

[ John Singleton Copley, Lord Lyndhurst. ] Autograph Signature ('Lyndhurst') on frank to the Duke of Wellington.

Author: 
John Singleton Copley (1772-1863), 1st Baron Lyndhurst [ Lord Lyndhurst ], Lord Chancellor of Great Britain
Publication details: 
Without place or date.
£22.00

On 8 x 14.5 cm panel cut from front of envelope. In good condition, lightly-aged. All in Lyndhurst's hand, it reads 'His Grace | The Duke of Wellington KG | &c &c &c | Lyndhurst'. As is customary, the signature is between two horizontal lines, in the bottom left-hand corner.

[ The Peninsular War. ] Manuscript Letter, in a secretarial hand, signed by J. L. Mallet of the Audit Office, to Charles Stuart, British envoy to Portugal, regarding £277,450 spent by him on supplies for Wellington's army.

Author: 
John Lewis Mallet (1775-1861), Secretary of the Audit Office, Somerset Place, London [ Charles Stuart (1779-1845), 1st Baron Stuart de Rothesay; the Peninsular War ]
Publication details: 
Audit Office Somerset Place [ London ]. 29 January 1812.
£320.00

2pp., folio. In good condition, on lightly aged paper. He is directed to 'make up and transmit to this Office an account Current of the receipt & application of the [...] Sum of £277,450, duly attested upon oath & accompanied by the necessary vouchers & authorities in support thereof'. The money is made up of 'various bills of Exchange drawn by you upon their Lordships on 4th. Novr: 1810 payable to M. T. Sempayo [Sampayo]'.

[ General Ulysses de Burgh, 2nd Baron Downes [ Lord Downes ].] Autograph Letter Signed ('Downes') to 'Cap Holby | Secretary to the RVYC [ Royal Victoria Yacht Club? ] regarding the donation of a work by him.

Author: 
General Ulysses de Burgh, 2nd Baron Downes [ Lord Downes ] (1788-1864), Irish soldier and Tory politician, Surveyor-General of the Ordnance, 1820-1827 [ Royal Victoria Yacht Club, Ryde ]
Publication details: 
Binstead. 22 July 1853.
£38.00

1p., 12mo. In fair condition, on aged and ruckled paper. He is sending a copy of 'a Work which I lately published representing the orders of Knighthood received by the late Duke of Wellington from his own & from Foreign Countries', and hopes that 'the Committee will do me the Honor of accepting the same as a Donation to the R V Y Club'.

[ Alfred D'Orsay, Count D'Orsay, French dandy. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('A. d'Orsay') to his attorney 'Du Pasquier' [J. M. Du Pasquier], touching on his financial embarrassment and his bust of the Duke of Wellington.

Author: 
Count D'Orsay [ Alfred, Comte d'Orsay (1801-1852), French dandy and artist, notorious for his liaison with the Countess of Blessington ] [ John McMahon Du Pasquier (d.1873), London attorney ]
Publication details: 
Place not stated. 23 October 1851.
£250.00

4pp., 8vo. Bifolium. In very good condition, lightly-aged. Neatly placed with a windowpane mount onto a leaf of cream paper. Writing within a year of his demise, D'Orsay begins by defending himself to his attorney: 'My Dear Du Pasquier | You received my letter yesterday about Mousley. I could not act otherwise, and even I have no right to complain when a man is losing more than 5000 by me, to find fault that he did not send me £1300. I am astonished that you are so severe. I am sorry that you will not give your assistance in this affair. Do as you like.

Printed programme for a 'series of bible lectures' on 'Palestine & The Jews', at the Rechabite Hall, Tan Bank, Wellington.

Author: 
[Rechabite Hall, Tan Bank, Wellington, Telford, Shropshire; E. Barratt; E. L. Brewer; H. G. Saxby; Mandatory Palestine; Israel; Zionism]
Publication details: 
The Rechabite Hall, Tan Bank, Wellington [Telford, Shropshire]. February 1938.
£56.00

2pp., on 16mo, bifoliate card. In good condition, lightly-aged. One panel advertises 'a series of bible lectures to be delivered (God willing) by the Ecclesia in Wellington': 'SEATS FREE. NO COLLECTION. BRING BIBLES FOR REFERENCE.' The text explains that 'Palestine is very much in the public eye at this time as men watch the developments in the Land concerning which the Bible says so much: yet few realise that current events there are fulfilment of Bible prophecy, and that the future of the Land is also foretold in no uncertain way.

[Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.] Unsigned manuscript letter written to him from America by a religious fanatic, on the subject of 'that Ruffen O'Connell' and 'his own papist breatheren', with two autograph notes by Wellington.

Author: 
Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), 1st Duke of Wellington, conquerer of Napoleon and British prime minister
Publication details: 
New York. 20 July 1843.
£150.00

1p., 4to. Bifolium. Addressed on reverse of second leaf to 'His Grace The Duke of Wellington | London | Europe'. With postmark of 'LIVERPOOL SHIP'. In fair condition, on aged paper. 47 lines of closely-written text. A ranting missive, the reading of which requires Wellington's sense of duty.

Signature (and a few words) only, "Hill"

Author: 
General Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill, GCB GCH (1772-1842), became Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in 1828
Publication details: 
No place or date
£28.00

Signature cut from document, 4 x 2", stating, "humble Servant | Hill | General Comdr in Chief", with a few words in a different hand on the reverse.

[David Boyle, Earl of Glasgow, Governor of New Zealand, and Sir John McKenzie, Minister of Lands.] Document signed by 'Glasgow', appointing Frederick Pirani to the Wellington Land Board; filled in and signed by witness 'John Mc.Kenzie'.

Author: 
David Boyle (1833-1915), 7th Earl of Glasgow, Governor of New Zealand, 1892-1897; Sir John McKenzie (1839-1901), Minister of Lands and Agriculture [Frederick Pirani]
Publication details: 
[Wellington, New Zealand.] 17 January 1895.
£120.00

1p., foolscap 8vo. In fair condition, on aged paper, with minor repair to reverse. A printed document, completed in McKenzie's autograph and signed by him, with the signature of 'Glasgow' at the head. Note: Frederick Pirani was appointed acting professor of mathematics at Melbourne University in 1874, and in 1893, he was elected to the New Zealand parliament."

Autograph draft reply by the Duke of Wellington, on printed circular invitation to 'the Anniversary Dinner of the Governors' of the London Hospital, from secretary William John Nixon.

Author: 
Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), 1st Duke of Wellington; William John Nixon (c.1820 to 1910), Secretary and House Governor of the Royal London Hospital
Publication details: 
The Circular dated from 'London Hospital, 9th April, 1847.'
£500.00

The circular on 1p., 4to, on recto of first leaf of bifolium. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper. It reads: 'MY LORD, | The House-Committee and Stewards for conducting the Anniversary Dinner of the Governors of this Charity, present their compliments with the enclosed Card of Invitation for THURSDAY, the 22nd of APRIL, and request to be favored with your Lordship's [corrected in manuscript to 'Grace's'] Company on that day.

[Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.] Autograph note, giving directions to a groom for a journey with horses, carriages and 'poneys', containing itinerary from Shooter's Hill to Walmer Castle. With Autograph Signature attached.

Author: 
Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), 1st Duke of Wellington
Publication details: 
Without place or date.
£500.00

The note is 1p., 12mo. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper. It reads 'The C

and the Poneys and Poney Carriage and the Saddle Horses are to be in readiness & go tomorrow afternoon to Shooter's Hill | Dartford Halt 17th. | Rochester | Sittingborne Halt 18th. | Canterbury Halt 19 | Walmer Castle Halt 20th.' Pinned in the bottom right-hand corner, on a piece of 2.5 x 5.5 cm paper, is the autograph signature 'Wellington' cut from a letter.

[Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), 1st Duke of Wellington.] Autograph Letter, in the third person, to 'Quarter Master Jones', regarding his request to be 'removed from half to full pay'.

Author: 
Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), 1st Duke of Wellington
Publication details: 
London. 8 February 1829.
£500.00

2pp., 12mo. In good condition, on aged paper, with a nineteenth-century repair to short closed tears. The letter reads: 'The Duke of Wellington presents his Compliments to Quarter Master Jones and begs leave to inform him in answer to His Letter of the 3d Inst, thaht He must apply to the General Comm[andin]g. the Army in Chief; the Duke has nothing whatever to say to the Details of the Army or to the Selection of Gentlemen to be removed from half to full pay. | London Feb. 8. 1829'.

[Printed keepsake, with two illustrations.] In thankful Commemoration of the 90th Birthday of The Dowager Lady Barrow, January 5th, 1900. Printed by one who owes much to her loving spiritual help and letters when he was an Eton Boy in 1845.

Author: 
'W.B.-M.' [Rev. William Bramley-Moore] [Rosamond Hester Elizabeth (1810-1906), Lady Barrow, daughter of William Pennell and adopted daughter of John Wilson Croker; Sir Thomas Lawrence; G.F. Zink]
Publication details: 
'W.B.-M., 26 R. Sq., [i.e. William Bramley-Moore, 26 Russell Square, London] Jan. 6th, 1900.'
£250.00

4pp., ,4to. Bifolium. Printed in gold on shiny art paper, with the two illustrations in black. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper. The recto of the first leaf carries a memoir of Lady Barrow, 'Reproduced, by permission, from "The Surrey Comet," Dec. 25, 1899.': 'LADY BARROW - nee Rosamond Hester Elizabeth, daughter of the late William Pennell, Esq., Consul-General in Brazil - was born January 5th, 1810, and was the twenty-first child of her parents. Six weeks after her birth she became the adopted daughter of the Right Hon. John Wilson Croker, who had married her eldest sister.

Newspaper cutting from The Times, 15 November 1852, of an article titled 'Ode on the Death of the Duke of Wellington. By Alfred Tennyson.' [Predating the publication of the poem by a day, and quoting more than half of it.]

Author: 
[Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892), Poet Laureate; Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852); Edward Moxon; The Times of London]
Publication details: 
From The Times, Monday 15 November 1852.
£50.00

Original cutting, 53 cm long, from The Times, of an article titled 'Ode on the Death of the Duke of Wellington. By Alfred Tennyson.' This poem, one of Tennyson's finest and best-known, was published on 16 November 1852 (two days before Wellington's funeral) by the London publisher Edward Moxon, who had offered Tennyson £200 for 10,000 copies. As Edgar F. Shannon, Jr.

Printed 'Prospectus' for 'a Poetical illustration of the Career of Field Marshall the Duke of Wellington, and his Illustrious Companions', with the autograph signature of 'George Webb De Renzy, Major and Barrack-Master'

Author: 
Major George Webb De Renzy, of the 82nd Regiment, and Barrack-Master, Dundee [The Duke of Wellington]
Publication details: 
Castletown, Isle of Man. 1 January 1847.
£135.00

1p., 4to. Thirteen lines of text, daintily printed in small type. On lightly-aged and creased paper, with a number of short closed tears. Dated in print at the foot 'Castletown, Isle of Man, | 1847.' Beneath this De Renzy has written, in manuscript, '1st January, | [signed] George Webb De Renzy, Major | and Barrack-Master'.

Autograph Letter Signed from Robert Miller, informing 'Captain Pack' [Colonel Arthur John Reynell Pack] of troop movements from Cork to Gibraltar and the West Indies, and discussing Pack's desire for a transfer to the Royal Fusiliers.

Publication details: 
[Received 7 December 1841.]
£120.00

2pp., 4to. Bifolium. Addressed, with red wax seal and postmark in red ink, on reverse of second leaf, to 'Captain Pack | Royal Fusiliers | Barbados'. The letter begins: 'My dear Captain Pack | I take the earliest opportunity of letting you that [sic] the Ship Herefordshire - a noble vessel - has been taken up to convey the 67 to Gibraltar, & the 66 & 72 from thence to the West Indies, proceeding afterwards with the Fusiliers & 19th Halifax'.

[Handbill] The Chapter of Generals

Author: 
Anon. [Napoleonica]
Publication details: 
[Printed by W. Clindon ...], no date (trimming of item led to loss of address - prob. Haymarket, but printer not in BBTI
£150.00

One page, c.11 x 23cm, fold marks, irregularly trimmed with loss of most of imprint, heavy staining, but text clear and complete.

Typed Letter Signed ('Cobham') from Lord Cobham to Sir Harry Luke, concerning Queen Salote and arrangements at Govt Hse New Zealand.

Author: 
Lord Cobham [Charles John Lyttelton (1909-1977), 10th Viscount Cobham], Governor-General of New Zealand and English cricketer [Sir Harry Charles Luke (1884-1969)[H. C. Lukach]; Queen Salote Tupou III]
Lord Cobham [Charles John Lyttelton (1909-1977), 10th Viscount Cobham]
Publication details: 
24 December 1957; on letterhead of Government House, Wellington, New Zealand.
£56.00
Lord Cobham [Charles John Lyttelton (1909-1977), 10th Viscount Cobham]

4to, 1 p. Nineteen lines. Text clear and complete. Good, on lightly-aged paper. Thanking him for 'the two charming letters' which Luke wrote to Cobham and his wife. 'It is always a great encouragement when one is in a new and unfamiliar job to receive a pat on the back from someone who has been in the game all his life.' Cobham's 'loud and noisy family' make Government House 'a bit of a family home', but he will try and 'stiffen it up for State functions, receptions, etc. although noises are still apt to drift down from the upper quarters'.

Photographic reproduction of ink drawing by the English artist C. W. Furse, for an 1892 menu, titled 'GHOULS', and carrying an original signed inscription by Furse 'To my friend H[ercules]. [Brabazon] Brabazon. [signed] Charles W Furse.'

Author: 
C. W. Furse [Charles Wellington Furse (1868-1904); Hercules Brabazon Brabazon (1821-1906), English painter]
Ghouls [C.W. Furse].
Publication details: 
Dated as part of the design 25 January 1892 and 'C. W. FURSE ./ 92'.
£325.00
Ghouls [C.W. Furse].

Portrait: 34.5 x 20 cm. Laid down on a piece of paper of the same size. Good: a little dusty and with unobtrusive 1.5 cm closed tear to left margin, and minor traces of previous mounting on reverse. Very good reproduction, on photographic paper of a complex, ghostly scene in a moonlit graveyard, with a number of supernatural figures among the graves. Decorative border with elongated skeletons.

Draft manuscript, docketed 'Answers to Queries', giving detailed information (by a secretary for a British minister?), regarding the nature and set-up of the newly-restored Bourbon government in post-Napoleonic France.

Author: 
[The Bourbon government in post-Napoleonic France; 1816; Duke of Wellington; British Foreign Office]
The Bourbon government in post-Napoleonic France
Publication details: 
On paper with Britannia watermark and 'W M | 1816'.
£450.00
The Bourbon government in post-Napoleonic France

Folio, 4 pp. Bifolium. Text clear and complete. On aged and creased paper, with some wear and chipping to extremities. Previously folded into a packet docketed in a contemporary hand 'Answers to Queries'. The first page begins with 'Ansr. 1.', a list of ten ministers, from '1. The Duke of Richelieu President of the Council of Ministers & of the Privy Council & Min: Sec: of State having the Dept. of Foreign Affairs.' and ending with '10. Director general Count Pradel'. P. 1 also features 'Question 2 | Answer A', beginning 'The Members of the Govt.

Secretarial Letter, Signed by Murray ('John Murray'), to 'T. Miller Maguire Esq. LL.D.'

Author: 
Sir John Murray [IV] (1851-1928), London publisher [Thomas Miller Maguire; the Duke of Wellington]
Publication details: 
22 August 1906; on letterhead of 50 Albemarle Street.
£25.00

12mo, 2 pp. Bifolium. Eleven lines. Text clear and complete. On aged, grubby paper. Spike hole in top left-hand corner (not affecting text). Docketed at head. Granting Maguire permission to publish extracts from the out-of-print 'Greenwood's Selections from Wellington's Despatches [sic]', providing he makes 'the full customary acknowledgement of the source whence they are taken'. The two parts of Maguire's 'British Army under Wellington' appeared in 1906 and 1907.

Printed circular letter from Auchinleck 'To all officers whether belonging to the Staff or to the Services who are working in Headquarter Offices in this Command'. Consisting of a celebrated (and spurious) quotation from Wellington, and two cartoons.

Author: 
Field Marshal Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck, Commander in Chief, Middle East Command [Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington; military history; Second World War; British Army]
Publication details: 
01/05/42
£75.00

A celebrated and scarce piece of Second World War ephemera. Printed on one side of a piece of paper 33.5 x 21.5 cm. Text and illustrations clear and complete. In good overall condition, on lightly-aged and creased paper with small damp stain to top left-hand corner and repair on reverse to small closed tear. The text consists of a supposed 'Extract from a letter written by The Duke of Wellington from Spain, about 1810.

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