NINETEENTH

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[Sir William Rothenstein, artist.] Autograph Card Signed ('W. Rothenstein') to Rachel Kay-Shuttleworth, announcing that 'with some regret' he will be changing his name to 'W. Rutherston'.

Author: 
Sir William Rothenstein (1872-1945), painter, printmaker, draughtsman, lecturer, and writer on art [Rachel Kay-Shuttleworth (1886-1967)]
Publication details: 
'Sunday' [no date, but circa 1914]; card with letterhead of the Civic Arts Association, 28 Prince's Garden, London, S.W.
£180.00

Twelve closely-written lines, on 8.5 x 11.5 cm card addressed by Rothenstein to 'The Hon. R Key-Shuttleworth | 28 Princes Garden | SW'., this being the same address as on the letterhead. In good condition, lightly aged. He begins by discussing 'Mr Booth' and his offer concerning 'the second prize', before expressing a hope that she is 'not overtiring' herself.

[Thomas Adolphus Trollope, prolific author, older brother of Anthony Trollope.] Autograph Signature ('T. Adolphus Trollope') on part of letter.

Author: 
Thomas Adolphus Trollope (1810-1892), prolific author with a renowned villa in Florence, elder brother of the novelist Anthony Trollope, husband of Theodosia Trollope and Frances Eleanor Trollope
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£25.00

On one side of 5 x 13 cm slip of paper cut from the end of a letter. In good condition, lightly aged, with central vertical fold. Laid down on piece of paper removed from album. Reads: '[...] I shall be delighted to come to you. | Yrs always faithfully | T. Adolphus Trollope'.

[William Buckland, Dean of Westminster, theologian, geologist and palaeontologist who wrote the first dinosaur description.] Autograph Note Signed ('W Buckland'), introducing his friend 'Mr Dering' ('much interested in poultry') to W. B. Tegetmeier.

Author: 
William Buckland (1784-1856), Dean of Westminster, theologian, geologist and palaeontologist [William Bernhardt Tegetmeier (1816-1912), naturalist, friend of Charles Darwin]
Publication details: 
No date. 156 Albany Street, Regent's Park [London].
£35.00

2pp, 12mo. Aged and worn, with one edge trimmed (on removal from mount), and closed tears to creases. Reads: 'Dear Tegetmeier | Allow me to introduce to you my friend Mr Dering who is much interested in Poultry & wishes to ask you a few questions | Yours &c | W Buckland'.

[Richard Bright, physician, 'the father of nephrology', identifier of Bright's Disease.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Richd Bright') to 'Mr Archer', explaining that he and his family are still on holiday in Wales, and his plans for his return to London.

Author: 
Richard Bright (1789-1858), English physician ('the father of nephrology'), pioneer in the research of kidney disease who identified what became known as Bright's Disease
Publication details: 
26 October 1846; Dolgelley, North Wales.
£120.00

4pp, 16mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. The letter begins: 'My dear Mr Archer | I am sorry to be open to the reproof, which I feel contained in your very natural supposition that I am in my duties before this time, but in truth here I am till tomorrow - when I [?] Mrs Bright Children & all, we make our best speed towards Saville [sic] Row [his London address] & when I am there, towards the end of the week, I will do my best to furnish myself with the information you want & which at present I have not got'.

[Death of Lord Bryce (Liberal politician and jurist James Bryce, Viscount Bryce of Dechmont).] Autograph Letter Signed ('E. Marion Bryce') from his widow Lady Bryce [Elizabeth Marion Bryce, née Ashton] to 'Mrs Clifford', describing his death.

Author: 
Lady Bryce [Elizabeth Marion Bryce, née Ashton] (1854-1939), wife of James Bryce [Lord Bryce; Viscount Bryce of Dechmont] (1838-1922), Liberal politician, historian and jurist
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£100.00

2pp, 12mo. On paper with mourning border. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded once. Replying to a letter of condolence from Mrs Clifford, she writes that she has been 'a good deal stunned with the shock & am still overwhelmed with a mass of unanswered letters. The blow fell, as you know, with absolute suddenness - no illness & no warning. After a day spent as usual in work, & a walk with me in the afternoon, my husband went to bed that last night apparently perfectly well, & I awoke next morning to find him gone.

[Lady de Rothschild [Emma Louisa de Rothschild], wife of Lord de Rothschild [Nathaniel ('Natty') Mayer de Rothschild], 'head of Anglo-Jewry'.] Autograph Letter Signed [to Sir Francis Seymour Haden] regarding his offer to engrave a watercolour of hers

Author: 
Lady de Rothschild [Emma Louisa de Rothschild] (1844-1935), wife and first cousin of Lord de Rothschild [Nathaniel Mayer de Rothschild] (1840-1915), 'head of Anglo-Jewry' [Sir Francis Seymour Haden]
Publication details: 
1 December [no year, but before the recipient's knighthood in 1894]; Hotel des Princes, Nice.
£120.00

5pp, 16mo. On bifolium and with last page cross-written over fourth on reverse of second leaf. In good condition, lightly aged. Monogram letterhead printed in green and gold, with cross-written signature 'Bne Nel. de Rothschild' (i.e. 'Madame la Barone Nathaniel de Rothschild'). The recipient is only named as 'Dear Sir', but the item is from the papers of the surgeon and engraver Sir Francis Seymour Haden (1818-1910, Whistler's brother-in-law), and contains two references to his only daughter as 'Miss Haden'.

[Lord Radstock [Granville Augustus William Waldegrave], philanthropist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Radstock') to 'Baxter', giving three measures which he has put to Gladstone in a letter about 'the condition of the East [i.e. East End of London]'.

Author: 
Lord Radstock [Granville Augustus William Waldegrave, 3rd Baron Radstock] (1833-1913), philanthropist and evangelist [William Ewart Gladstone, Liberal Prime Minister; the East End of London]
Publication details: 
'30 B. S. [i.e Baker Street, Portman Square, London] | Jan. 13 [no year]'.
£80.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium with mourning border. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Folded twice. He reports that he 'wrote a line to Gladstone about the condition of the East urging the Govt. to take it up either by Equalization of Poor Rates, Emigration or Alteration of License System or all of these'. He considers that 'a good case is made out' and the measures he suggests 'wd do something'. He wonders whether the recipient might be able to 'put a few statistics together'. He thinks that 'the worst part is the permanent depression of the trading class wh takes away all vitality'.

[Mayne Reid, Irish novelist on American themes.] Autograph Letter Signed to 'J. Froebel' [Julius Fröbel] regarding arrangements for the translation, editing and publication of his book 'Aus Amerika'.

Author: 
Mayne Reid [Thomas Mayne Reid] (1818-1883), Irish novelist who lived for long periods in America and wrote on American themes [Julius Fröbel [Froebel] (1805-1893), German geologist and traveller]
Publication details: 
23 November [1858]; Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire.
£250.00

8pp, 12mo. On two bifoliums. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Signed 'Mayne Reid', and written from the sprawling 'Rancho' which he built at Gerrards Cross, in imitation of a Mexican hacienda. The recipient is named by Reid as 'J. Froebel', i.e. Julius Froebel, and the subject is arrangements for the translation translation of his book 'Aus Amerika' (Leipzig, 1857), which would be published in London by Richard Bentley in 1859 under the title 'Seven Years' Travel in Central America, Northern Mexico, and the Far West of the United States'.

[Isaac Roberts, Welsh geologist and astronomer.] Autograph Note Signed, a presentation inscription of a book to the mathematician and geologist A. H. Green.

Author: 
Isaac Roberts (1829-1904), Welsh geologist and astronomer, pioneer of astrophotography of nebulae, winner of Royal Astronomical Society Gold Medal [Alexander Henry Green (1832-1896), mathematician]
Publication details: 
June 1894; on letterhead of Starfield, Crowborough, Sussex.
£50.00

1p, 12mo. On aged and creased leaf, folded once and with traces of mount on the blank reverse. Reads: 'Presented to Prof. Alexr. H. Green M.A. F.R.S. With the compliments of the author | Isaac Roberts | June 1894'. The work presented was presumably the first (1893) volume of Roberts' pioneering 'Selection of Photographs of Stars, Star-Clusters and Nebulae', the second appearing in 1899. The two volumes contained 125 reproductions of photographs which he had exhibited at the Royal Astronomical Society. See both men's entries in the Oxford DNB.

[John Ramsay McCulloch, Scottish economist, first Professor of Political Economy at University College London.] Autograph Note in the third person, accepting an invitation to dine with Sir James and Lady Emerson Tennent.

Author: 
J. R. McCulloch [John Ramsay McCulloch] (1789-1864), Scottish economist, first Professor of Political Economy at University College London [Sir James Emerson Tennent (1804-1869), Governor of Ceylon]
Publication details: 
'H. M. Stationery Office, | 26th June 1860.'
£35.00

See McCulloch's entry in the Oxford DNB. He was appointed Comptroller of H.M. Stationery Office in 1838. 1p, 16mo In good condition, lightly aged. Folded once. Reads: 'Mr. McCulloch presents compts to Sir James and Lady Em. Tennent, and begs to thank them for their kind invitation to dine with them on the 5th proxo, which he has much pleasure in accepting.'

[George Henry Lewes, editor of the Fortnightly Review, 'husband' of the novelist 'George Eliot' (Mary Ann Evans).] Autograph Letter Signed ('G H Lewes'), to Reginald Stuart Poole, regarding his article on 'Pagan and Muslim Arabs'.

Author: 
G. H. Lewes [George Henry Lewes] (1817-1878), critic and philosopher, editor of the Fortnightly Review, 'husband' of the novelist 'George Eliot' (Mary Ann Evans) [Reginald Stuart Poole (1832-1895)]
Publication details: 
'Friday' (no date, but in 1865); on letterhead of The Fortnightly Review, Office, 193 Piccadilly [London].
£380.00

2pp, 12mo. Twenty-seven lines of text. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. A nice item, giving an indication of Lewes's editorial principles at the Fortnightly Review (he held the position from 1865 to the following year). Addressed to 'R. S. Poole'. He begins by explaining that he only returned to England the previous night, '& found your notes & m.s awaiting me'.

[Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer, German orientalist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Fleischer'), in French, to Edward William Lane, full of interesting content about orientalists, including an attack on Juynboll's edition of the 'Merasid el-ittila'.

Author: 
Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (1801-1888), German orientalist, Professor of oriental languages at the University of Leipzig [Edward William Lane (1801-1876), orientalist, translator of Arabian Nights]
Publication details: 
23 June 1851; Leipzig.
£650.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and worn, no thin paper, with several folds. Seventy-two lines of closely and neatly written text. Addressed by Fleischer on reverse of second leaf 'A Monsieur Edward Wm. Lane | en | Angleterre. | West Terrace, Worthing, Sussex. | par l'entremise de Mss. Williams & Norgate. | avec | Zeitschrift d. D. M. G. | T. 5, Cah. 3.' A fine letter, full of interesting content indicating a liberal attitude to the sharing of information among Victorian orientalists. He begins by writing that he received Poole's letter of 3 May a little before one from 'Mr.

[Benjamin Bartrum, auctioneer.] Autograph household 'Inventory & Valuation' of 'the property of Thomas Harward Gardiner Esq' ('Common Brewer'), signed 'Benjn. Bartrum | Bath', containing furniture, plate, books, wearing apparel, jewels, wines.

Author: 
Benjamin Bartrum [Benjamin Thomas Bartrum] (1783-1846), Bath auctioneer [Thomas Harward Gardiner (d. 1841), 'Common Brewer' of Bath; Thomas Gainsborough; Margaret Burr Gainsborough]
Publication details: 
Bath: 'taken and made' on 26 and 27 March 1841.
£320.00

11pp, folio. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Folded twice into the conventional packet. Ten-page inventory, followed by full page valuation, neatly written out on six leaves, which are stitched together, with the reverse of the last leaf carrying the title written lengthwise in conventional style for the outside of the packet: 'Inventory & Valuation of the several effects of the late Thos. Harward Gardiner Esq deceased at No. 14 Brock Street Bath | Amount £574. 8. 6', along with the word 'Copy' in red. Also on this page, in pencil in an early twentieth century hand: '?

[Sir Frederick Corder, composer, Professor of Composition at the Royal Academy of Music.] Autograph Letter Signed ('F. Corder') to Mrs Florence Russell, describing a difficult Christmas on Looe Island, Cornwall.

Author: 
Sir Frederick Corder (1852-1932), composer and Professor of Composition at the Royal Academy of Music, London, brother of Pre-Raphaelite artist Rosa Corder [Looe Island [Enys Lann-Managh], Cornwall]
Publication details: 
5 January 1925; on letterhead of Looe Island, Cornwall.
£90.00

Corder (whose sister was the artist and forger Rosa Corder, sitter to Whistler and lover of Charles Augustus Howell) had bought Looe Island (subject of two books by its subsequent owners the Atkins sisters) in 1921 with the proceeds of the sale of his collection of first editions. The recipient Florence Russell was an official at the Royal College of Music, and other material addressed to her by the Principal Sir A. C. Mackenzie is offered separately. 2pp, 12mo.

[Pasquale Villari, Italian historian and politician.] Autograph Signature with greetings.

Author: 
Pasquale Villari (1827-1917), Italian historian and politician
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£25.00

On 18 x 9 cm piece of paper. In good condition, lightly aged. Laid down on part of leaf from album. In response to a request for an autograph he has written at the head of the page: 'Con molti saluti | Pasquale Villari'. No other writing.

[Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie, Scottish composer, Principal of the Royal Academy of Music.] Autograph Text of notes for speech given by him on the retirement of Mrs Florence Russell; and inscribed programme of a 'Social Evening' on his own.

Author: 
Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie (1847-1935), Scottish composer, for 36 years Principal of the Royal Academy of Music, London
Publication details: 
[Royal Academy of Music, London.] Speech circa 1924. Programme for 'Social Evening' on 26 March 1924.
£180.00

See Mackenzie's appreciative entry in the Oxford DNB, which points out that in his day he was 'regarded as the finest ever Scottish musician'. The recipient Mrs Florence Russell worked for Mackenzie as an administrator at the Royal Academy of Music, to which he acted as principal between 1887 and his retirement in 1924, and of which she was herself a former student.

[Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie, Scottish composer, Principal of the Royal Academy of Music.] Nine Autograph Letters Signed, with another from his daughter Maimie Mitzakis, to Mrs Florence Russell, filled with personal and professional information.

Author: 
Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie (1847-1935), Scottish composer, for 36 years Principal of the Royal Academy of Music, London
Publication details: 
Between 1914 and 1925. Most from his London address, 15 Regent's Park Road, N.W.; some on letterheads of the Royal Academy of Music. One from Fern Nook, Ilkley, Yorkshire.
£450.00

See Mackenzie's appreciative entry in the Oxford DNB, which points out that in his day he was 'regarded as the finest ever Scottish musician'. The recipient Mrs Florence Russell worked for Mackenzie as an administrator at the Royal Academy of Music, to which he acted as principal between 1887 and his retirement in 1924, and of which she was herself a former student.

[Alfred Perceval Graves, Anglo-Irish poet, father of Robert Graves.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Alfred P Graves') sending contributions to a 'Book of Songs' and lamenting the death of his friend 'Brough'.

Author: 
Alfred Perceval Graves (1846-1931), Anglo-Irish poet, songwriter and folklorist, father of poet and critic Robert Graves
Publication details: 
18 January 1873; without date.
£56.00

2pp, 16mo (on piece of 'Savage Stationery', see below). In fair condition, aged and worn. The recipient is not named. Begins: 'Dear Sir | I trust enclosed lines may suit for your Book of Songs. If so they are very much at your service. Poor Brough was a friend of mine & I only wish I had something worthier of his memory to send you.' Postscript: 'Pray Excuse my "Savage Stationery"'.

['Max O'Rell' [Léon Paul Blouet], French author and journalist.] Cabinet Card photographic portrait by Taber of San Francisco, signed 'Max O'Rell'; with Autograph Letter Signed to his lecture agent E. W. Appleton, regarding fees.

Author: 
'Max O'Rell' [Léon Paul Blouet] (1847-1903), French author and journalist who wrote in English for British and American markets, crossed swords with Mark Twain [E. W. Appleton; Taber of San Francisco]
Publication details: 
Letter to Appleton: 14 December 1885; 2 Lime Grove, Uxbridge Road, W. [London] Cabinet Card by Taber, 8 Montgomery Street, 'opposite the Palace and Grand Hotels', San Francisco; undated.
£120.00

ONE: Cabinet Card: 13.5 x 10 cm photographic head-and-shoulders portrait of Blouet, smartly-dressed with glasses and handlebar moustache, mounted on 16.5 x 10.5 cm card, with printed details of the photographers Taber's printed in gold below the image, and an elaborate advertisement for the firm printed in brown on the reverse. In fair condition, lightly aged. Inscribed on the base of the print: 'Yours Sincerely | Max O'Rell'. TWO: Autograph Letter Signed to 'Mr Appleton', i.e. E. W. Appleton. 1p, 12mo. On bifolium. 14 December 1885; 2 Lime Grove, Uxbridge Road, W.

[Samuel Phelps, actor-manager, the finest King Lear of his age.] Autograph Letter Signed ('S. P.') [to his wife] describing his activities, including angling, whilst on holiday with his sons in his native West Country, and plans for his return.

Author: 
Samuel Phelps (1804-1878), actor and theatre manager, the King Lear of his age, noted for his fidelity to the originals in his productions of Shakespeare plays
Publication details: 
On letterhead of The Western Times Office, Exeter. 30 March 185[ ]'.
£75.00

Phelps's entry in the Oxford DNB gives the background to the present letter, stating that Phelps 'married Sarah Cooper (1810/11–1867) on 11 August 1826; she was just sixteen. However, their marriage was very happy: they were a devoted couple, and Sarah later served as Phelps's dresser. Phelps preferred home life with her to clubs or social gatherings. His other delights were angling and shooting, and he purportedly knew every trout stream in England. They had three sons and three daughters, including William Robert (1828–1867), who became chief justice of St Helena, and Edmund (d.

[Sir John Stainer, composer and organist at St Paul's Cathedral, Professor of Music at Oxford.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. Stainer') to Sir W. J. Colville, giving his conclusions on examining a volume of 'Canadian songs' which Colville lent him.

Author: 
Sir John Stainer (1840-1901), composer and organist at St Paul's Cathedral, Professor of Music at Oxford [Col. William James Colville (1827-1903), Comptroller of the Duke of Edinburgh's Household]
Publication details: 
12 April 1892; on letterhead of South Parks Road, Oxford.
£120.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. He begins by thanking him for sending him 'the Canadian songs to look at', which he finds 'most interesting'. He adds: 'I can see that you have been through them very carefully, but did you happen to find our old friend "For he's a jolly good fellow" on p.252? a tune called Malbrough. [sic]' He writes out the opening seven bars of the song, with words 'Malbrough s'en va-t-en guerre &c'.

[Richard Carlile, leader of the Rotunda Radicals.] Two Autograph Letters Signed to 'Mr. Teague', i.e. John Teague, Keeper of the Giltspur Street Compter where Carlile was incarcerated, regarding editing proofs and having his head cast by phrenolog

Author: 
Richard Carlile (1790-1843), publisher and writer, leader of the Rotunda Radicals, lover of Elizabeth Sharples (1803-1852), suffragist [John Teague (1779-1841), Keeper of the Giltspur Street Compter
Publication details: 
'Compter Decr. 29. 1834'. [Giltspurt Street Compter, London]
£950.00

For information on Carlile - described by E. P. Thompson as a 'Showman of Free Thought' - and his 'moral wife' the suffragist Eliza Sharples, see their entries in the Oxford DNB. At the time of writing Carlile was in prison for refusal to pay the church rates. The proofs Carlile asks to be allowed to receive in the first letter are presumably those of his journal 'The Gauntlet'. The phrenologist 'Mr. Hohn' referred to in the second of the letters - the 'Mr. Holme' of the accompanying slip - is the German-born physician and phrenologist John Diederick Holm (d.1856).

[Lord Liverpool as Prime Minister.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Liverpool') to 'F. Lewis Esqre', requesting him to procure a book cited in his 'first Report'.

Author: 
Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool [Lord Liverpool] (1770-1828), Tory Prime Minister, 1812-1827, who introduced repressive measures following the 1819 Peterloo Massacre
Publication details: 
15 June 1825. Fife House [Whitehall, London].
£135.00

1p, 4to. Aged, and with glue staining to reverse and damage to corners from mount. The recipient is named as 'F. Lewis Esqre'. Reads: 'My dear Sir | I shall be very much obliged to you if you could procure for me a Copy of the work entitled An Evangelical life of our Lord & Saviour Jesus Christ, forming an Harmony of the four Gospels" - referred to in the note, page 98, of your first Report. | I am with great Truth | My dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | Liverpool'.

[J. O. Halliwell-Phillipps, Shakespearian scholar and antiquarian.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. O. Halliwell') to Messrs Dickinson & Co., settling a bill and praising the paper supplied by them for his 'folio edition of Shakespear now completed'.

Author: 
J. O. Halliwell-Phillipps [James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, born James Orchard Halliwell] (1820-1889), Shakespearean scholar, antiquarian, and folklorist [John Dickinson & Co, papermakers]
Publication details: 
5 May 1866; on letterhead of No. 6, St Mary's Place, West Brompton, London, S.W.
£150.00

For the context see Halliwell-Phillipps's entry in the Oxford DNB, which states that in 1852 he 'offered by subscription the most elaborate Works [of Shakespeare] ever attempted: published between 1853 and 1865 in sixteen thick folio volumes, lavishly illustrated by F. W. Fairholt and limited to 150 copies, it was initially priced 2 guineas a volume.

[Louise Chandler Moulton, American author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Louise C. Moulton') to 'Mr. Boyd', including holograph poem 'Has Spring Come Back?', which she has written that day for a party celebrating the engagement of Longfellow's daughter.

Author: 
Louise Chandler Moulton [born Ellen Louise Chandler] (1835-1908), American author and poet [Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet]
Publication details: 
Letter: 31 December [1884]; 28 Rutland Square, Boston. Poem signed and dated 'S. C. M. | Dec. 31. 1884.'
£300.00

A nice item, in which, writing to a friend in London, Moulton describes, and encloses a holograph copy of, the poem she has written that very day for the following day's New Year's Eve party to celebrate the engagement of Longfellow's youngest daughter Anne Allegra to Joseph Gilbert Thorp Jr. (1852-1931). 4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. Aged, worn and creased, with damage resulting in loss of a couple of words of text, due to tearing of the letter away from mount. The letter covers three pages, the last written lengthwise, and is forty-six lines long.

[Clara Montalba, British artist and suffragist, noted for her watercolours of Venice.] Autograph Signature [given in response to a request for an autograph].

Author: 
Clara Montalba [Clara Federica Montalba] (1840-1929), British artist and suffragist of Swedish and English extraction, noted for her watercolours of Venice, daughter of Anthony Rubens Montalba
Publication details: 
No date or place.
£30.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, on discoloured paper with slight discoloration at corner as a result of removal from mount. Neatly centred on the page is 'Yours Sincerely | Clara Montalba'. No other text. The signature is florid and curliculous.

[Lord Byron forgery.] Manuscript Letter, signed 'Byron', addressed to 'Capt. Hammond', on subject of Parry and the North-West Passage, purporting to be in the hand of the poet, but almost certainly by the celebrated forger 'Major Byron'.

Author: 
Lord Byron forgery ['Major Byron', 'Major George Gordon De Luna Byron', 'De Gibler', 'Monsieur Memoir'] George Gordon Noel (1788-1824), 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale
Publication details: 
Dated from Albaro [Genoa], 15 May 1823.
£550.00

2pp, 4to. Thirty-nine lines of text in imitation of Lord Byron's hurried hand. On laid paper with an 1820 watermark. Once a bifolium, but with the two leaves now separated, and each bearing thin strips of white-paper mounts along one edge. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. In its unseparated form folded four times into the customary packet. Short closed tear at edge of one fold. From the celebrated autograph collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton), who may have bought the item in good faith, or as an oddity.

[Lord John Russell, Whig Prime Minister, to William Ewart Gladstone, Liberal Prime Minister.] Autograph Signature 'J Russell', to Autograph address of letter to 'Right Hon | W. E. Glastone', cut from cover of envelope.

Author: 
Lord John Russell [John Russell, 1st Earl Russell] (1792-1878), Whig Prime Minister [William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898), Liberal Prime Minister]
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£50.00

On one side of 8 x 13 cm piece of wove paper, cut from front of envelope. In fair condition, lightly aged, with minor offsetting from another document on the reverse. Reads: 'Private | Right Hon | W. E. Gladstone | J Russell'. Before 1861, when Russell was elevated to the peerage.

[Sir Clements Markham, explorer in Peru, Secretary to the Royal Geographical Society.] Autograph Signature ('Clements Markham') on part of letter.

Author: 
Sir Clements Markham [Sir Clements Robert Markham] (1830-1916), geographer, explorer in Peru and writer, Secretary to Royal Geographical Society, organiser of British National Antarctic Expediition
Publication details: 
Without place or date.
£23.00

On 3.5 x 9.5 cm slip of paper cut from letter. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. On one side, from the conclusion of the letter: 'Yours very truly | Clements Markham'. On the other: '[...] have failed me: so no[...] | [...] you mind my putting [...]'.

[Spelling Bee competitions in Victorian Kennington and Guildford.] Eleven items, including an advertisement, a programme, tickets of entry and competitor's ticket, newspaper cuttings, compiled by T. W. Williams, manager of Kennington competitions.

Author: 
Spelling Bee competitions in Victorian Kennington and Guildford [T. W. Williams, manager; The Impartial Spelling Bee Association, Williams & Rhodes, Kennington; F. Ridgway; J. Irving Dixon]
Publication details: 
Competitions in Kennington and Guildford, 1876. Manager of Kennington competitions: 'Mr. T. W. Williams, 149, Lower Kennington Lane, S.E.'
£220.00

The eleven items are in fair condition, lightly aged and worn, laid down on two heavily-worn leaves removed from an album. An interesting slice of social history, relating to introduction into England of a phenomenon which began in the Unites States in the 1850s. Nine of the items relate to spelling bees in Kennington, managed by the compiler of the material T. W. Williams, and one to a 'Grand Spelling Bee' in Guildford.

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