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[George Henry Lewes, editor of the Fortnightly Review, 'husband' of the novelist 'George Eliot' (Mary Ann Evans).] Autograph Letter Signed ('G H Lewes'), to Reginald Stuart Poole, regarding his article on 'Pagan and Muslim Arabs'.

Author: 
G. H. Lewes [George Henry Lewes] (1817-1878), critic and philosopher, editor of the Fortnightly Review, 'husband' of the novelist 'George Eliot' (Mary Ann Evans) [Reginald Stuart Poole (1832-1895)]
Publication details: 
'Friday' (no date, but in 1865); on letterhead of The Fortnightly Review, Office, 193 Piccadilly [London].
£380.00

2pp, 12mo. Twenty-seven lines of text. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. A nice item, giving an indication of Lewes's editorial principles at the Fortnightly Review (he held the position from 1865 to the following year). Addressed to 'R. S. Poole'. He begins by explaining that he only returned to England the previous night, '& found your notes & m.s awaiting me'.

[Mark Pattison, Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Mark Pattison') [to historian Reginald Lane Poole], discussing 'the historical lectureship', and encouraging him to settle in Oxford, but not 'as a coach'.

Author: 
Mark Pattison (1813-1884), academic, Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford, candidate for the original of Edward Casaubon in George Eliot's Middlemarch [Reginald Lane Poole (1857-1939), historian]
Publication details: 
7 May 1883; on letterhead of Lincoln College, Oxford.
£60.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. The recipient is not named, but the conclusion of the letter makes it clear it is Poole. Written in a shaky hand a little over a year before Pattison's death. The context of the letter makes clear that as a married man, Poole is attempting to take advantage of the previous year's revision of the Oxford college statutes enjoining celibacy. It begins: 'Dear Sir | You seem to be under a misapprehension as to the historical lectureship for which you wish to become a candidate.

[Edmond Xavier Kapp, artist and caricaturist.] Two Autograph Letters Signed to Holbrook Jackson, complaining about payment for work for the magazine 'To-day', and 'contributor's copies'. With carbon copies of Jackson's forthright replies.

Author: 
Edmond X. Kapp [Edmond Xavier Kapp] (1890-1978), British artist and caricaturist, of German-Jewish extraction [George Holbrook Jackson (1874-1948), author, journalists, publisher and bibliophile]
Publication details: 
Kapp's two letters: 20 and 25 January 1920; each on letterhead of The Studio, 32A Queen's Road, St. John's Wood, N.W.8 [London]. Holbrook Jackson's replies: 22 and 28 January 1920; neither with place.
£280.00

A splendidly intemperate correspondent between contributor and publisher, almost worthy of one of Jackson's own bibliophile volumes. The four items are in fair condition, on aged and worn paper, one with paperclip stain, another with brass stud, and a third with staple holes; creasing to carbon copies. Kapp's handwriting is 'artistic', and his letterheads are unusually long 8vos. ONE: Kapp to Jackson, 20 January 1920. Signed 'E X Kapp'. 1p, 8vo. Begins: 'My dear Holbrook-Jackson, | Don't you feel you'd like to send me a copy or two of "To-Day" each time? I buy one or two as well, you know!

[Lord Byron forgery.] Manuscript Letter, signed 'Byron', addressed to 'Capt. Hammond', on subject of Parry and the North-West Passage, purporting to be in the hand of the poet, but almost certainly by the celebrated forger 'Major Byron'.

Author: 
Lord Byron forgery ['Major Byron', 'Major George Gordon De Luna Byron', 'De Gibler', 'Monsieur Memoir'] George Gordon Noel (1788-1824), 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale
Publication details: 
Dated from Albaro [Genoa], 15 May 1823.
£550.00

2pp, 4to. Thirty-nine lines of text in imitation of Lord Byron's hurried hand. On laid paper with an 1820 watermark. Once a bifolium, but with the two leaves now separated, and each bearing thin strips of white-paper mounts along one edge. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. In its unseparated form folded four times into the customary packet. Short closed tear at edge of one fold. From the celebrated autograph collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton), who may have bought the item in good faith, or as an oddity.

[George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer, as First Lord of the Admiralty, to Sir Sidney Smith.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Spencer') exonerating Smith's recent 'proceedings', and explaining the Royal Navy's position over 'the Occupation of Egypt'.

Author: 
George John Spencer (1758-1834), 2nd Earl Spencer, Whig Home Secretary, First Lord of the Admiralty, bibliophile whose Althorp Library is now John Rylands Library, Manchester [Sir Sidney Smith]
Publication details: 
17 August 1800; Admiralty [London].
£800.00

An excellent letter from Spencer as First Lord of the Admiralty, 1794-1801, vividly conveying the urgency and energetic action required of the Royal Navy during the Napoleonic Wars. 4pp, 4to. Bifolium. Fifty-eight lines of text. In fair condition, aged and worn, with light damp staining. Folded three times. Written following Smith's successes against Napoleon's Egyptian expeditionary force, in particular at the Siege of Acre (1799), for which he was granted a Government pension of £1000 a year.

[George Whitley, surgeon.] Autograph syllabus of lectures (by J. H. Green of St Thomas's Hospital?), 'Observations' by anatomist Edward Grainger, extracts from 'Pharmacopoeia Nosocomii Regalis Sancti Thomae. Londinensis' and 'Guy's Pharmacopoeia'.

Author: 
George Whitley, surgeon, of Halton, Cheshire [Joseph Henry Green (1791-1863), surgeon and lecturer at St Thomas's Hospital, Southwark, London; Edward Grainger (1797-1824), teacher of anatomy]
Publication details: 
St Thomas's Hospital, Southwark, London: 1819 and thereabouts. Halton, Cheshire: 1820.
£450.00

Two items in the hand of George Whitley, surgeon, of Halton, Cheshire (not to be confused with his namesake the epidemiologist George Whitley (1816-1881), for whose career see Fraser Brockington, 'Public Health in the Nineteenth Century', 1965). The two items are accompanied by the front board of a volume, with the following ownership inscription and note on the pastedown: 'George Whitley, Surgeon, | St. Thomas' Hospital. | London. | Novr. 22. 1819. | NB. See in this Book a Copy of a Letter to Lady Cunliffe pr. Mr. [?] Surgeon, about an Ulcerated Leg of her House Keeper, Mrs.

[George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough ('the Profligate Duke'), bibliophile.] Autograph Note of Admittance to 'Blenheim Palace and Gardens', signed 'Marlborough', for 'Dr. Cotton', i.e. Rev. Dr Horace Salusbury Cotton, Ordinary of Newgate

Author: 
George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough ['the Profligate Duke'] (1766-1840), until 1817 styled Marquis of Blandford, bibliophile [Horace Salusbury Cotton (c.1774-1846), Ordinary of Newgate]
Publication details: 
No date or place.
£100.00

The Duke was Winston Churchill's great-great-grandfather. His library at Whiteknights Park was celebrated, and his purchase of the Valdarfer Boccaccio at the 1811 Roxburghe sale was the spur to the formation of the Roxburghe Club. Like the Duke, Cotton was a notable collector of books and autographs. He was generally considered a faintly-ridiculous figure, and condemned men were said to die 'with Cotton in their ears'. 1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged. Folded once. Reads 'Admit Dr.

[Edinburgh, 1832: 'The first voting which took place on the Reform Bill'.] Manuscript 'Copy of Entry in the Register of Qualified Voters for the City of Edinburgh', signed by Carlyle Bell, Conjunct-Clerk, on George Berry of Antigua Street.

Author: 
Carlyle Bell (c.1779-1850), Conjunct-Clerk [joint town clerk] of the the City of Edinburgh [Great Reform Act, 1832]
Publication details: 
Entry dated 13 September 1832.
£350.00

A nice piece of Edinburgh historical ephemera. See the entry on George Berry (1795-c.1874), the first man to register to vote there following the passing the Great Reform Act, in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1874-1875, where he is described as 'an enthusiastic "Free Trader"'. 40 x 10 cm slip of laid paper, with printed form on one side, headed 'COPY of ENTRY in the REGISTER of QUALIFIED VOTERS for the CITY of EDINBURGH.' In fair condition, lightly aged and creased, with clean vertical cut unobtrusively repaired with archival tape.

[Judge Jeffreys of the Bloody Assizes.] Printed pamphlet: 'A Pindarick Congratulatory Poem To the Right Honourable George, Lord Jeffreys, Baron of Wem, and Lord High Chancellor of England To the High and Mighty Monarch King James the II. &c.'

Author: 
'By Joshua Barnes, M.A. One of the Senior Fellows of Emmanuel Colledge in Cambridge' [Joshua Barnes (1654-1712); Judge Jeffreys [George, Lord Jeffreys, Baron of Wem, Lord Chancellor]; Bloody Assizes]
Publication details: 
London, Printed, and are to be sold by Walter Davis in Amen-Corner. 1685. [On title-page: 'IMPRIMATUR, | S. Blithe, Procan. Acad. Cantab. | Octob. 5. 1685.']
£450.00

7pp, folio. On four leaves. In good condition, lightly aged. In worn modern half-binding of brown leather spine and corners and cloth covers, split at hinge. The poem is of 124 lines, arranged in five irregular stanzas. A nauseating exercise in brazen sycophancy, written in the aftermath of the Bloody Assizes. Not mentioned in Barnes's entry in the Oxford DNB, which does state that his 'adulation for the Stuarts [...] probably continued undiminished' with the accession of William and Mary.

[German and English Victorian wood engraving.] Album containing 'Geo. F. Tabram's Specimens of Wood Engraving 1842-8', including grotesque figures and chivalric scenes, with an original drawing and two German specimens loosely inserted.

Author: 
[German and English Victorian wood engraving.] George Frederick Tabram (1825-1891) of Gloucestershire
Publication details: 
[German and English engravings, collected in Gloucestershire, between 1842 and 1848.]
£150.00

An attractive collection of 76 engravings, laid down over 34pp, on the first seventeen brown-paper leaves of a 22.5 x 29 cm landscape album. Also laid down, on the rear pastedown, is a nice original drawing (by Tabram himself?) of two girls, one in a bonnet and the other (her daughter or sister?) with ringlets. Loosely inserted are two German engravings, each laid down on a piece of coloured paper and each with caption on reverse.

[Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquis Curzon of Kedleston]; Lord Milner [Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner]; Claud Lovat Fraser.] Leaf from an autograph album, carrying signatures of 'Curzon of Kedleston', 'Milner' and 'Lovat Fraser.'

Author: 
Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquis Curzon of Kedleston], Conservative statesman, Viceroy of India; Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner; Claude Lovat Fraser, artist
Publication details: 
No place or date. [Before Lovat Fraser's death in 1921.]
£65.00

On both sides of 16 x 12.5 cm leaf, with rounded edges, torn from an autograph album. In good condition, lightly aged and creased. Firmly and elegantly written on one side, just over the centre: 'Lovat Fraser.' Towards the head of the other side, in a large somewhat untidy hand, with intermittent underlining: 'Curzon of Kedleston'. Beneath this: 'Milner'. No other writing on either side.

[1864 Oxford Diary of George Tate Medd.] Autograph Diary describing his stay with his brother C. S. Medd of University College, with reference to Wilberforce, Jowett, 'Athletic sports' against Cambridge.

Author: 
George Tate Medd (1837-1907), Royal Navy officer, later Vicar of Whitchurch [Charles Septimus Medd, Fellow of University College, Oxford]
Publication details: 
Oxford, 31 December 1863 to 31 December 1864. Diary written out in 'Pawsey's Pocket Diary, and Almanack, for 1864' (London: Peacock, Mansfield, & Co.).
£320.00

Medd's autograph diary and memoranda fill the 144pp and prelims of the printed 16mo almanack and diary, which is in a 10.5 x 6.5 cm brown leather flapped binding. Ownership inscription: 'George Tate Medd | 4. Magdalen Terrace | Iffley Road | Oxford'. Medd was not a student at the University, but having been invalided out of the army (see below), he was staying with his brother Charles Septimus Medd (for whom see Alum. Oxon.) whose election as a Fellow of University College he records at the beginning of the volume with a 'Hurrah'.

[George William Balfour, President, College of Physicians of Edinburgh; and John Wyllie, Edinburgh Professor of Medicine.] Autograph Signatures of the two men to printed certificate of competence of 'Mr Oliver Sunderland' in Midwifery.

Author: 
George William Balfour (1823-1903), Scottish physician, President of the College of Physicians of Edinburgh; John Wyllie (1844-1915), Professor of Medicine at Edinburgh University
Publication details: 
Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh. 20 July 1883.
£50.00

Printed on one side of 27.5 x 23 cm piece of thickish paper. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, but with closed tear at head repaired on reverse. Name of the college in fancy type at the head, and its embossed seal at bottom left. Reads, with manuscript additions in square brackets: 'Royal College of Physicians, | Edinburgh [20th July] 18[83] | It is hereby certified that [Mr Oliver Sunderland] has been duly examined in Midwifery, and found competent to practise it. | [George William Balfour] President. | [John Wyllie] Secretary.'

[Charles Didier, Swiss poet and traveller, lover of George Sand.] Autograph Note Signed ('Ch Didier') [to George Sand?], stating that he has been looking for the recipient, at whose disposition he is 'pour tout ce que vous voudrez'.

Author: 
Charles Didier (1805-1864), Swiss poet and traveller, lover of George Sand
Publication details: 
No date or place.
£180.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, on lightly-worn grey paper with stub from mount adhering. Ornately folded, as was the fashion, with parallel vertical and diagonal creases. From the celebrated manuscript collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton). Endorsed with a number in a contemporary hand at head of page. Didier has circled his signature with a flourish.

[Thomas George Bonney, geologist, Alpine mountaineer.] Autograph Letter Signed ('T G Bonney'), urging a lady to abandon 'matters far too difficult and complicated' for her, to be 'useful to others in a less ambitious but more practical sphere'.

Author: 
T. G. Bonney [Thomas George Bonney] (1833-1923), geologist and Alpine mountaineer, President of the Geological Society of London and the Alpine Club
Publication details: 
8 October 1904. On letterhead of 23 Denning Road, Hampstead, N.W. [London]
£120.00

See Bonney's entry in the Oxford DNB. 4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. The recipient is not named. It is unfortunate that the subject of the letter is not stated. Against the charge of misogyny, it should be noted that Bonney 'had the reputation of being a hard teacher, but also a generous man', and that he could equally well have written in the same way to a man he considered equally ill-equipped for a theological task.

[Samuel Foart Simmons, one of the 'mad doctors' of George III.] Autograph case notes for six women, made as physician to St Luke's Hospital, London.

Author: 
Samuel Foart Simmons (1750-1813), physician, one of the 'mad doctors' of George III [St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics, Old Street, London]
Publication details: 
[St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics, Old Street, London.] Case notes for three of the patients only dated (date of admission?) July, September and December 1789. Others no year given. Notes (of examination?) dated to 8 and 15 January [1790].
£280.00

St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics was founded in 1750 by City of London philanthropists to treat mental illness among the poor of London. In 1786 it moved from Moorfields to Old Street, where it remained until 1916. Simmons was appointed physician to the hospital in 1781. 6pp, 16mo. A piece of laid watermarked paper has been neatly torn into three 16 x 10 cm leaves: a bifolium, with the single leaf loosely inserted. In good condition, lightly aged. A poignant artefact. Simple, brief notes, giving age, name, date [of admission], address, some with follow-up notes. The six women are 'Eliz.

[Margaret Gillies, Anglo-Scottish painter.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Margaret Gillies') to a son [W. W. Linton] of wood engraver William James Linton, regarding the father's move to America, 'Mr. Horne', 'Mrs. Lewes', and Crockham.

Author: 
Margaret Gillies (1803-1887), Anglo-Scottish portrait painter and watercolourist whose sitters included Wordsworth and Dickens [William James Linton (1812-1897), Anglo-American wood engraver and radic
Publication details: 
10 September 1872. Crockham [i.e. The Warren, Crockham Hill, Kent].
£90.00

The recipient of the letter is William Wade Linton (c.1839-1892), son of the wood engraver William James Linton, who in 1867 had separated from his wife the novelist Eliza Lynn Linton (1822-1898), and emigrated to America with three of his children by his first wife's sister, settling at Appledore, Hamden, Connecticut, where he set up a printing-press. 3pp, 16mo. Bifolium. In good condition. The letter begins: 'Dear Mr Linton | My having been very poorly and also having been away from home & full of many absorbing matters must plead my only excuse for having left your note so long unanswered.

[Lord Lucan, in part responsible for the Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimean War] Autograph Signature ('Lucan') on envelope addressed to 'Captain Wyndham'.

Author: 
Lord Lucan [Field Marshal George Charles Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan (1800-1888), Anglo-Irish British Army officer, one of those responsible for the Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimean War
Publication details: 
No place or date.
£35.00

On front of 5.5 x 12 cm envelope. Damaged seal in red wax on reverse. The envelope has been cut down, triming the merest fraction from the opening flourish of the signature, and the breaking of the red wax seal has left it in two parts. Otherwise in fair condition, lightly aged. Firm underlined signature 'Lucan' at bottom left, beneath an equally bold 'Captain Wyndham'.

[John George Jackson, Leamington architect.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J G Jackson') to William Hookham Carpenter, regarding payment to his father the bookseller James Carpenter, the building of a villa for 'Mr Woolryche', and a bust of Shakespeare.

Author: 
John George Jackson, Leamington architect [William Hookham Carpenter, Keeper of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum, son of London bookseller James Carpenter]
Publication details: 
3 May 1834; Newbold Lodge [Leamington].
£56.00

For John George Jackson (c.1798-c.1851), architect of Leamington Priors, pupil of P. F. Robinson, see Lyndon F. Cave's 'Royal Leamington Spa' (1988). He erected Newbold Lodge on the site of Strawberry Cottage in the early 1830s. See the entry for the recipient William Hookham Carpenter (1792-1866), later Keeper of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum, in the Oxford DNB. At the time of the present letter Carpenter was working for his father the Old Bond Street bookseller James Carpenter (c.1768-1852). 2pp, 8vo. Bifolium.

[George Canning, Prime Minister; John Richardson of Oxford University.] Manuscript copies of poems which won Chancellor's Medal for Latin verse: Canning's 'Iter ad Meccam [Journey to Mecca]'; Richardson's 'Maria Scotorum Regina [Mary Queen of Scots]'

Author: 
George Canning, British Prime Minister; John Richardson, Student of the University of Oxford [Chancellor's Medal for Latin verse]
Publication details: 
[University of Oxford, post 1789 and 1792.]
£850.00

Manuscripts in a contemporary hand of two poems which won the University of Oxford Chancellor's Prize for Latin Verse, neither of them published. In 1789, Canning, as a Christ Church undergraduate, won the prize for the second of the two, 'Iter ad Meccam Religionis causa susceptum'; and in 1792 John Richardson, 'Scholar of University', won it for the first of the two, 'Maria Scotorum Regina'. The manuscript of the two poems totals 29pp, 8vo. The pages are written lengthwise on fifteen of the twenty leaves of a stitched booklet of laid paper with Britannia watermark.

[George Douglas, 16th Earl of Morton, Queen's Chamberlain.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Morton') to Viscount Sidmouth, transmitting an address to the Prince Regent on the death of his mother Queen Charlotte.

Author: 
George Douglas (1761-1827), 16th Earl of Morton [Henry Addington (1757-1844), 1st Viscount Sidmouth; Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of George III; George IV (as Prince Regent)]
Publication details: 
25 December 1818. 39 Wimpole Street [London].
£80.00

1p, 4to. Bifolium endorsed on reverse of second leaf: 'Ansd. 30th. | Transfg. an Address of Condolence from the County of Fife'. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. The subject of the address is the Prince Regent's mother Queen Charlotte (1744-1818), and is addressed to him rather than her husband George III as the king is incapacitated. Morton served as Queen Charlotte's Chamberlain between 1792 and her death in 1818.

[George Fowler, historian.] Autograph Letter Signed to the publisher William Shoberl, threatening him with legal action if he does not publish the last three volumes of his 'Lives of the Sovereigns of Russia'.

Author: 
George Fowler (d.1858), historian [Henry Shoberl (1801-1863), London publisher]
Publication details: 
1 October 1852. On letterhead of 9 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London.
£56.00

The recipient William Shoberl was the son and successor of Frederic Shoberl (1775-1853), for whom see the Oxford DNB. Having served as an assistant to Henry Colburn, William Shoberl set up on his own in Great Marlborough Street. In 1852 he published the first of the projected four volumes of Fowler's 'Lives of the Sovereigns of Russia, from Rurik to Nicholas; including a History of that Empire, from its Foundation to the Present Time'.

[George Boyle, 4th Earl of Glasgow.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Glasgow'), as Lord Lieutenant of Renfrewshire, transmitting the condolences of 'the Co: of Renfrew - and Paisley' on the death of heir to the throne Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales.

Author: 
George Boyle, 4th Earl of Glasgow [Lord Glasgow] (1766-1843), Scottish peer, successively Lord Lieutenant of Renfrewshire and Ayrshire, Rector of University of Glasgow [Princess Charlotte Augusta]
Publication details: 
29 November 1817; Hawkhead, Paisley.
£120.00

2pp, 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded several times. Endorsed on reverse of second leaf: 'Transmitting two Addresses of Condolence from the Co: of Renfrew - and Paisley -'. Reads: 'My Lord | I am directed by a Meeting of The Noblemen, Gentlemen, Justices of Peace, & Commisioners of Supply of The County of Renfrew, Held at Renfrew on the 27th.

[Sir George Jessel, Master of the Rolls.] Autograph Letter Signed ('G. Jessel') to E. A. Scott, explaining why he has changed his mind about withdrawing his son [the future Sir Charles James Jessel] from Rugby School.

Author: 
Sir George Jessel (1824-1883), British judge, Master of the Rolls, the first Jew to be a regular member of the Privy Council [his son Sir Charles James Jessel (1860-1928); E. A. Scott of Rugby School]
Publication details: 
24 October 1878; Ladham House, Goldhurst.
£250.00

For Jessel's judicial high standing see his entry in the Oxford DNB. 3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded once. In envelope with Penny Red and postmarks, and 'LADHAM HOUSE, | GOLDHURST' printed on the flap, addressed by Jessel to 'E. A. Scott Esq | Schoolfield | Rugby | Warwickshire'. The envelope is signed 'G. Jessel' at bottom left of cover, and the letter concludes with the same signature. He is 'glad to be able now to withdraw the notice' he gave Scott about his son Charles 'leaving Rugby'.

[Vice-Admiral Sir George Strong Nares, Arctic explorer and commander of first ship to pass through the Suez Canal.] Autograph Note Signed ('G. S. Nares.') regarding his 'delicate instrument for Alert or Discovery'.

Author: 
Sir George Strong Nares (1831-1915), Royal Navy Vice-Admiral, commander of first ship to pass through the Suez Canal, Arctic Explorer with Challenger Expedition and British Arctic Expedittion
Publication details: 
No date or place [1875?].
£250.00

See Nares' entry in the Oxford DNB. 1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. Clearly and boldly written, reading: 'Please give the bearer my delicate instrument for Alert or Discovery | G. S. Nares.' (Wikipedia) "Because of his previous experience in the Arctic, he was summoned from this assignment to take charge of another Arctic voyage in search of the North Pole in Discovery and Alert in 1875, the British Arctic Expedition."

[Sir George Ferguson Bowen, Governor of New Zealand.] Autograph Letter Signed, discussing T. A. Sneyd Kynnersley and 'the Maori difficulty'. With Autograph Letter Signed from Rev. Reginald Broughton regarding Kynnersley ('the best specimen of hero').

Author: 
Sir George Ferguson Bowen, successively governor of the Ionian Islands, Queensland, New Zealand, Victoria, Mauritius and Hong Kong; Rev. Reginald Broughton, classical scholar and educator [Thomas Alfr
Publication details: 
Bowen's letter: 26 March 1870; on embossed letterhead of Government House, New Zealand. Broughton's letter: 11 March 1866; Vallombrosa [i.e. Vallombrosa preparatory school], Cheltenham.
£1,200.00

Two highly interesting letters relating to nineteenth-century New Zealand. Both concern Thomas Alfred Sneyd Kynnersley (1839-1874), chief warden and commissioner of the Nelson South West goldfield, whose entry in the New Zealand Encyclopaedia states was famed in the colony for 'his ingenuity and daring'.

[King George V of Hanover.] Secretarial Letter Signed ('George R'), in English, to the dancing partner of his youth Lady Ann Cullum, giving news of his family and court. With two letters to Lady Cullum from Count Linsingen, and royal seal in red wax.

Author: 
George V [Georg V] (1819-1878), last king of Hanover, cousin of Queen Victoria; Carl Baron von Linsingen (1822-1872) [Lady Ann Cullum, widow of Sir Thomas Gery Cullum of Hardwick House]
Publication details: 
King George V's letter: 28 November [1865]; Herrenhausen. Count Linsingen's two letters: 12 November and 18 December 1865; both from Hanover.
£750.00

Four items, all in good condition, lightly aged, the three letters with stubs and labels used in mounting in an album. In addition to the pleasant picture they paint of the court gathered around the blind king in the last year of his kingdom's existence (with an interesting reference to the new palace he had built his wife at Marienburg), the three letters indicate a surprisingly cordial state in nineteenth-century Anglo-German relations.

[George Peabody, American financier and 'the father of modern philanthropy'.] Autograph Letter in the third person, explaining that an attack of gout prevents him from accepting the invitation of 'Mr Mackinnon'.

Author: 
George Peabody (1795-1869), American financier and 'the father of modern philanthropy' [Mackinnon; Lady Ann Cullum (1807-1875), wife of Sir Thomas Gery Cullum (1777-1855) of Hardwick House]
Publication details: 
'Palace Hotel | 1 July – [no year]'.
£80.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Tipped-in onto a piece of paper cut from an album owned by the Cullum baronets of Hardwick House, with whom - other papers reveal - Mackinnon was associated, possibly as land agent. The letter, in Peabody's shaky hand, reads: 'Mr Peabody presents his Compliments to Mr Mackinon [sic] and regrets that owing to an attack of gout he was unable to avail himself of Mr: Mackinnon's [sic] kind invitation for the evening of the 29th. Ulto. - - Mr Peabody returns to Scotland in a few days to be absent for the season.

[George Grossmith, the original 'Ko-Ko' in Gilbert and Sullivan's 'Mikado'.] Autograph Quotation from the operetta ('”Bother the Flowers that Bloom in the Spring”'), signed 'Geo: Grossmith'.

Author: 
George Grossmith (1847-1912), comedian, writer, composer, actor, and singer associated with Gilbert and Sullivan, author with his brother Weedon Grossmith of 'Diary of a Nobody'
Publication details: 
Without date [after 1885] or place.
£150.00

Firmly written out, evidently in response to a request for an autograph, on one side of a 10.5 x 11.5 cm piece of paper. In fair condition, lightly aged and spotted, with two folds and group of tiny pinpricks at bottom left. Reads: '”Bother the Flowers that Bloom in the Spring! | Mikado | Your's [sic] faithfully | Geo: Grossmith'. Grossmith's bold signature anachronistically exhibits the 'long s', making his surname look like 'Gropmith'. Grossmith was the original 'Ko-Ko', in the 1885 Savoy Theatre production of 'The Mikado'. It was one of nine Gilbert and Sullivan characters which he created.

[Edward Vernon, celebrated admiral.] Autograph Letter Signed ('E Vernon'), offering his services to William Archer of Coopersale [in attempt to stand for parliament?], with comment 'it is Impossible to live this Indolent life much longer'.

Author: 
Admiral Vernon [Edward Vernon] (1684-1757), celebrated Royal Navy officer after whom Washington's plantation Mount Vernon was named [William Archer (1677-1739) of Coopersale]
Publication details: 
7 August 1729; Chatham.
£800.00

See Vernon's entry in the Oxford DNB, and the recipient William Archer's in the History of Parliament. 1p, folio. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. With franking signature to address on reverse of second leaf: 'For William Archer Esqr: at | his Seat, at Coopersale, near | Epping. | in | Essex | ffree | E Vernon', and small postmark. Endorsed: 'Aug 7th 29 Mr Vernon on getting in Blagrave | Berks:'. The letter is closely written over twenty-six lines.

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