EIGHTEENTH

[Vice Admiral Thomas Brodrick.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thos: Brodrick') to the Board of Ordnance, renewing a request for an armorer for his ship the Phoenix, 'now that I am going to Longreach and my Smallarms Coming on Board'.

Author: 
Vice Admiral Thomas Brodrick (died 1769), Royal Navy officer who served with distinction in the War of the Austrian Succession, the War of Jenkins' Ear and the Seven Years' War [Board of Ordnance]
Publication details: 
Deptford; 24 August 1743.
£150.00

For Brodrick's distinguished and eventful career, see his entry in the Oxford DNB. 1p, folio. In fair condition, aged and worn, with chipping to one edge carrying traces of grey paper mount, and closed tear at foot repaired on reverse with archival tape. Addressed at bottom left 'To the Honle: Board of Ordnance'. Reads: 'Gentlemen | I wrote you the 7th Inst: to desire that you would please to appoint an Armorer for his Majestys Ship the Phoenix under my Command and now that I am going to Longreach and my Smallarms Coming on Board I beg you Will appoint for me'. Endorsed: 'answer'd 26 August'.

[George, Viscount Townshend, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.] Manuscript 'Memorial of Michael Seix Gent:' to Townshend, 'desiring a Lieutenancy of Horse', endorsed with Townshend's Autograph Memorandum of his response.

Author: 
Field Marshal George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend [The Viscount Townshend] (1724-1807), Lord Lieutenant of Ireland [Michael Seix; Invasion of Guadeloupe, 1759, in the Seven Years' War]
Publication details: 
'presented to Lord Lieut. 21 Novr. [no year, but between 1767 and 1772].
£180.00

1p, folio.

[12th (The Suffolk) Regiment of Foot.] Manuscript 'Assignment Offreckonings [sic]' to Messrs John, Nicholas & Brice Pearse, with Clothing Board certification, signed by 3 British Army Generals: William Picton, Sir William Fawcett, Sir David Dundas.

Author: 
General William Picton (c.1724-1811); General Sir William Fawcett (1727-1804); General Sir David Dundas (1735-1820); 12th (The Suffolk) Regiment of Foot; British Army; J. C. Pleydell
Publication details: 
'From 6th July 1800: | To 5th July 1801' With certification by three General Officers of the Clothing Board, from Horseguards [Whitehall, London], 18 November 1801.
£450.00

See E. A. H. Webb, 'History of the 12th (The Suffolk) Regiment, 1685-1913' (1914). Picton was the uncle of 'the illustrious Picton', Lt-Gen. Sir Thomas Picton (1758-1815), who was his sole executor and residuary legatee. The year of Picton's birth is variously reported, but the Monthly Magazine, December 1811, is among several sources reporting his death in Bond Street at the age of 87. 4pp, folio. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and with closed tears along the three fold lines. Endorsed on reverse of second leaf: '12th.

[Admiral John Markham, Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty and First Naval Lord.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J Markham') to John Atkins, regarding the 'general drunken habits' of 'Mr [Miles] Burn', and the impossibility of reinstating him 'to his rank'

Author: 
Admiral John Markham (1761-1827), Royal Navy officer who served in the American and French Revolutionary Wars, Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty and First Naval Lord, MP for Portsmouth [Miles Burn]
Publication details: 
Admiralty [London]. 21 August 1806.
£100.00

The letter is 1p, 12mo, and is accompanied by the covering 8vo leaf, addressed to 'John Atkins Esqre | Duke Street | Westminster', with a second signature for franking. The covering leaf is endorsed: 'Admiralty August 21 1806 | Adml. Markham concerning Miles Burn that it would be impossible to get him reinstated'. Both letter and covering leaf in good condition, lightly aged and worn, with fold lines. Markham could hardly be more decisive.

[Gilbert White, naturalist.] Original Manuscript, said to have been dictated by White himself, of 'Gilbert White's statement' on the venomous properties of the toad, with eleven authorial emendations. Together with a series of thermometer readings.

Author: 
Gilbert White (1720-1793), naturalist and ornithologist, author of the celebrated 'Natural History of Selborne' (1789) [Thomas Bell (1792-1880), zoologist]
Selborne
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£3,500.00
Selborne

A very nice artefact of one of the best-loved books in the England language, Gilbert White's 'Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne', which at one point was claimed to be the fourth most-printed book after the Bible, Shakespeare, and Bunyan's 'Pilgrim's Progress'. White's entry in the Oxford DNB concludes by describing the book as 'an expression of universal thanksgiving, treasured by all'.

[Capel Lofft, radical editor and author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Capel Lofft') to his printer and publisher John Rackham of Bury St Edmunds, describing his plans for an edition of Milton's Paradise Lost, with unusual punctuation.

Author: 
Capel Lofft [Capel Loft; Capell Loft] (1751-1824), radical editor and author [John Rackham (c.1760-1824) of Bury St Edmunds, printer and bookseller; John Milton]
Publication details: 
No place. 10 April 1792.
£250.00

Lofft's edition of Paradise Lost was printed and published by the recipient of this letter John Rackham in 1792. The title-page states that Milton's poem has been 'Printed from the first and second edition collated. The original system of orthography restored; the punctuation corrected and extended. With various readings: and notes; chiefly rhythmical.' Reviewing the edition in January 1793, the Critical Review commented on the innovations in punctuation mentioned in the present letter, noting that Lofft seemed 'to inherit the genius of his late uncle [i.e.

[Theatre Royal, Williamson Square, Liverpool: details of benefits.] Autograph Letter from 'Edwd. Murray' to Vernor & Hood, proprietors of ''The Monthly Mirror', giving a 'correct Statement of Benefits at the Liverpool Theatre (this season)'.

Author: 
Theatre Royal, Williamson Square, Liverpool [Edward Murray; Vernor & Hood, London publishers]
Publication details: 
[Theatre Royal, Williamson Square] Liverpool. 20 September 1800.
£120.00

1p, 4to. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, and folded several times. The main text reads: 'Gentn | By inserting the following correct [last word underlined] Statement of Benefits at the Liverpool Theatre (this season) in your next Mirror you'll particularly oblige your most obt. Servt. | Edwd. Murray'. Beneath this is a list of the names of 15 individuals, with the amount of money made by each one's benefit, coming to a total of £2665. The list begins with 'Miss Murray £263' and ends with 'Mr Simmons 101'. The penultimate entry is for 'Mr Wild (Prompter) 103'.

[Edmond Malone, Irish Shakespearean scholar.] Autograph Note in the third person to the Pall Mall bookseller Henry Payne, returning one book and rejecting another.

Author: 
Edmond Malone (1741-1812), Irish Shakespearean scholar and editor of the works of William Shakespeare [Henry Payne, London bookseller]
Publication details: 
'Friday Morn -'. [London; before 1782.]
£450.00

On one side of a 10 x 22.5 cm slip of paper. In fair condition, lightly aged, with creasing to one edge. Addressed by Malone on reverse to 'Mr Henry Payne | Pall Mall', and endorsed in another hand 'Edmd Malone Esq'. Indicating that he is a troublesome customer, he writes: 'Mr Malone finds this book (Brome) which was paid for last night was not what he wanted – He returns it – and will take some other article instead of it - | He had quite forgot the Chaucer [added here: 'No. 544'] that was laid by – He does not mean to have it –| Friday Morn –'.

[Mary Elizabeth Robinson, author, daughter of George IV's mistress Mary 'Perdita' Robinson.] Autograph Letter in the third person to the bookseller James Carpenter, asking for three of her mother's works, 'uniformly bound', for a Christmas present.

Author: 
Mary Elizabeth Robinson (1774-1818), author, daughter of Mary 'Perdita' Robinson (c.1757-1800), poet ('the English Sappho'), actress and mistress of George IV [James Carpenter, London bookseller]
Publication details: 
'Englefield Cottage | near Egham | Surry'. No date [postmark 14 December 1803].
£80.00

1p, 4to. Bifolium. Addressed on reverse of second leaf, with two postmarks (one from Egham) to 'Mr Carpenter | Bookseller | Old Bond Street | London'. Aged and worn, with Carpenter's spike-hole through one word of text. Reads: 'Miss Robinson will be obliged to Mr Carpenter, to send her the following works of her Mother's, uniformly bound – Together with the account of them: - Miss R must have them before Christmas day. | Viz. - | “Herbert De Sevrac” | “Vancenza” | “Angelina”'.

[Giuseppe Antonio Taruffi, Italian author, diplomat and chess player.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Taruffi'), in English, to 'a matchless Nobleman', regarding individuals including 'Canon Ghigiotti', 'Valiani, & Corallis', and 'the strangest varlet'..

Author: 
Giuseppe Antonio Taruffi (1715-1786), Italian author, diplomat and chess player
Publication details: 
Vienna. 18 April 1768.
£250.00

1p, 4to. In good condition, lightly aged. Written in a clear and attractive hand. The recipient is not named. Begins: 'My dear & ever-honoured Friend! | Some business of great importance kept me nine days absent from this Capital. At my return I found your most obliging Letter of the 7th. instant, & was exceedingly delighted with your Kindness. You are indeed a matchless Nobleman.' He asks if the recipient is acquainted with Prince Charles of [Cunandia?], adding: 'I swear you knew the strangest varlet that ever was. It is pity.

[Malcolm Flemyng, Scottish physiologist and medical author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Malcolm Flemyng') [to his London publisher John Nourse], ordering books, discussing his 'Lectures', and requesting news of a 'Discovery' by William Hunter.

Author: 
Malcolm Flemyng (c.1700-1764), Scottish physiologist and medical author [John Nourse (1705-1780), London scientific bookseller and publisher; William Hunter (1718-1783), anatomist]
Publication details: 
Caistor [Lincolnshire]; 23 April 1758.
£500.00

The recipient of the present letter is not named, but it is the scientific bookseller and publisher John Nourse (1705-1780), who the following year would published the 'Lectures' referred to in the letter: 'An Introduction to Physiology, being A Course of Lectures upon The most important Parts of the Animal Oeconomy', 'Printed for J. Nourse at the Lamb opposite Katherine-Street in the Strand.

[James Currie, Scottish physician in Liverpool, abolitionist and editor of Robert Burns.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Ja Currie') [to Mrs Riddell?], playfully critiquing a poem and 'Riddle', with reference to 'Mr & Mrs Ogle' and 'Miss Moore'.

Author: 
James Currie (1756-1805), Scottish physician in Liverpool, abolitionist and editor of Robert Burns [George Ogle, Irish politician; Bath; Mrs Riddell]
Publication details: 
Annotated in pencil: 'Bath - in the Spring of 1805'.
£180.00

2pp, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of leaf. Folded three times. The recipient is not named, but the letter is annotated in pencil with the words 'From Bath – in the Spring of 1805 | To a lady of the name of Riddell' (explaining a pun on the word 'Riddle' in the letter). (Another candidate for recipient is the 'Miss Moore' referred to in the letter, although this does not accord with the salutation.) Apparently written in the final months of Currie's life.

[John Manning, Norwich physician.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J Manning') to Philip Bowes Broke of Broke Hall, regarding an 'interval of Sanity' in the 'state of mind' of James Bobbet, with reference to 'Dr: Venn'.

Author: 
John Manning (1730-1806), physician at the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital [Philip Bowes Broke (1749–1801) of Broke Hall, Ipswich]
Publication details: 
Norwich; 5 November 1776.
£250.00

See Manning's entry in Munk's Roll. The recipient was father of 'Broke of the Shannon', the naval hero Admiral Sir Philip Bowes Vere Broke (1776-1841). 1p, foolscap 8vo. On aged and worn paper, with tide staining at one edge, which is repaired with archival tape, and thin strip of paper from mount on the blank reverse. Addressed at foot to 'Ph: B: Broke Esqr: | Broke's Hall | Near Ipswich'.

[Donald Monro, Physician General to the Army.] Autograph Letter Signed ('D. Monro. | Physician to the Army.') [to Thomas Cadell the elder, London bookseller], proposing terms for a revised edition of his 'Account of the Diseases'.

Author: 
Donald Monro (1727-1802), Physician General to the Army, and medical author [Thomas Cadell the elder (1742-1802), London bookseller, successor to Andrew Millar (1705-1768)in the Strand]
Publication details: 
'Cox-Heath [Coxheath military camp near Maidstone, Kent] | Septr 21st – 1779.'
£450.00

The recipient is not named, but as the letter makes clear it is Thomas Cadell the elder (1742-1802), successor to the celebrated bookseller Andrew Millar (1705-1768) in the Strand. Millar was one of the booksellers concerned in the first edition of Monro's 'Account of the Diseases which were most frequent in the British Military Hospitals in Germany' ('London: Printed for A. Millar, D. Wilson, and T. Durham, in the Strand; and T. Payne, at the Mews-Gate.') The letter casts light on the relationship between author and publisher in the eighteenth-century London book trade. 2pp, 4to.

[Sir Robert Liston of Millburn Tower, Scottish diplomat, Ambassador to the United States.] Autograph Letter Signed ('R. Liston.') to Lady Wedderburn, expressing grief on the death of his wife the botanist Henrietta Liston, Lady Liston.

Author: 
Sir Robert Liston (1742-1836), Scottish diplomat, ambassador to the United States, 1796-1800; his wife the botanist Henrietta Liston, Lady Liston [Lady Frances Wedderburn-Webster] (1793-1837)]
Publication details: 
Millburn [Millburn Tower, Ratho, Scotland]; October 1828.
£450.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to blank reverse of second leaf. Folded twice. Written in response to a letter of condolence on the death of his wife. (See his entry in the Oxford DNB: 'On 27 February 1796 he married Henrietta [Henrietta Liston Lady Liston (1751–1828)], botanist, daughter of Nathaniel (d.

[Thomas Trotter, naval physician, reformer and abolitionist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('T. Trotter') to Messrs Todd & Romanes, W.S., Edinburgh solicitors, on the 'basest ingratitude' shown by his kinsman Robert Trotter, R.N., in taking him to court.

Author: 
Thomas Trotter (c.1760-1832), Scottish naval physician, leading medical reformer in the Royal Navy and critic of the slave trade [Todd & Romanes, W. S., Edinburgh]
Publication details: 
Newcastle; 27 July 1813.
£500.00

The recipients Todd [or Tod] and Romanes, Writers to the Signet, were prominent Edinburgh solicitors, acting for Trotter's kinsman Robert Trotter, R.N., one of the sons of Rev. Robert Trotter (c.1732-1807) of Windyhaugh, 'minister of the dissenting congregation of Morpeth during the long space of 51 years'. 2pp, 4to. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse of the second leaf, which is addressed, with postmarks and endorsement signed by 'J. R.' (John Romanes), 'To | Messrs.

[John Coakley Lettsom, physician, founder of the Medical Society of London, friend of Benjamin Franklin.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. C Lettsom'), to Charles Taylor, expressing great distress on the death of his son John Miers Lettsom, M.D.

Author: 
John Coakley Lettsom (1744-1815), physician, philanthropist, abolitionist, founder in 1773 of the Medical Society of London, friend of Benjamin Franklin [his son John Miers Lettsom, M.D. (1771-1800)]
Publication details: 
'Sambrook Co [Sambrook Court, Basinghall Street, London]; 29 January 1800.
£450.00

Lettsom's entry in the Oxford DNB erroneously states that his son John Miers Lettsom, M.D., 'a physician of promise', died in 1799. For the true details, see Gentleman's Magazine, January 1800. 1p, 8vo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and worn, with thin strip of paper adhering to the blank reverse of the second leaf, which is addressed, with fragment of seal in black wax, to 'Mr Charles Taylor | 134 | Cheapside'. The recipient may well be Charles Taylor (d.1816), physician, originally a Manchester calico printer and dyer, who later became Secretary of the Society of Arts, London.

[John Coakley Lettsom, physician, founder of the Medical Society of London, friend of Benjamin Franklin.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. C. Lettsom') to 'Dr. Taylor' [Charles Taylor], regarding his nomination as member of the Society.

Author: 
John Coakley Lettsom (1744-1815), physician, philanthropist, abolitionist, founder in 1773 of the Medical Society of London, friend of Benjamin Franklin [Dr Charles Taylor, Secretary, Society of Arts]
Publication details: 
['Sambrook Co [Sambrook Court, Basinghall Street, London] | Nov. 25. 1805.'
£450.00

The recipient is Charles Taylor (d.1816), physician, originally a Manchester calico printer and dyer, who later became Secretary of the Society of Arts, London. 1p, 8vo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf, which is addressed, with postmarks to 'Dr. Taylor | Principal Secretary | to the Society of Arts &c | Adelphi'. Folded four times. Reads: 'Dear Doctor | I have this day proposed your name to the Medical Society of London.

[John Haygarth, Chester physician.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J Haygarth.') to William Rathbone IV, discussing the possible establishment of a 'Lazaret' for Liverpool on 'Helbry [i.e. Hilbre] Island', with reference to penal reformer John Howard.

Author: 
John Haygarth (1740-1827), Chester physician and pioneer in the prevention of smallpox [William Rathbone IV (1757-1809), Liverpool merchant and abolitionist; John Howard (1726-1790), prison reformer]
Publication details: 
Chester; 30 June 1789.
£950.00

For the background to this letter see the section on 'Lazarettos and the Plague' in C. C. Booth's 'John Haygarth, FRS (1740-1827): A Physician of the Enlightenment' (2005). The penal reformer John Howard published his 'Account of the Principal Lazarettos in Europe' in 1789, and the letter to Howard referred to by Haygarth in the present item was one in which Haygarth set forth his view on the subject, dated 30 May 1789.

[William Paley, philosopher and utilitarian, creationist author of 'Natural Theology'.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W Paley') to T. Harrison, regarding Thomas Paley's living of Aldrington in Sussex; 'Mansell's being a bishop'; and Louth, Lincolnshire.

Author: 
William Paley (1743-1805), philosopher and utilitarian, creationist author of 'Natural Theology' [Thomas Paley; Magdalene College, Cambridge]
Publication details: 
Temple [London]; 17 June 1801.
£250.00

The subject of the present letter, Thomas Paley, was certainly related to William Paley, but they were not brothers, as Paley had none. The reason for the lack of information about Thomas Paley is his disgrace. In 1806, five years after the present letter was written, Thomas Paley, a senior fellow and tutor at Magdalene, was forbidden to reside at the college (while still retaining his stipend), being guilty of 'highly offensive and injurious conduct providing a dangerous example to juniors' in ways 'which from delicacy cannot be specified' (see Cunich, 'History of Magdalene College').

[Sir William Adams (from 1825 Sir William Rawson), oculist.] Autograph Note in the third person to 'Mr Bartley', stating 'his fee for operating upon his Eyes & attendance'.

Author: 
Sir William Adams [from 1825 Sir William Rawson] (1783-1827), oculist
Publication details: 
26 Albemarle Street [London]; 17 December [1819].
£180.00

1p, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and creased, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf, which is addressed, with seal in red wax and postmarks, 'To | Mr Bartley | 8. Shacklewell End | Nr. Kingsland Turnpike'. The note reads: 'Sir W Adams presents his Compts to Mr Bartley & informs him that his fee for operating upon his Eyes & attendance is sixty Guineas. -' From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[Robert Hamilton of Ipswich, Irish army physician and medical author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('R: Hamilton') to Sir Charles Brian Blagden, Secretary, Royal Society, praising that body in regard to a 'trifling performance' presented to its library.

Author: 
Robert Hamilton (1749-1830) of Ipswich, Irish army physician and medical author [Sir Charles Brian Blagden (1748-1820), medical officer in the Army and Secretary of the Royal Society, London]
Publication details: 
Ipswich; 10 February 1788.
£250.00

1p, 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf, which is addressed, with broken seal in red wax, to 'Dr. Blagden | Secry. to the | Royal Society | London'. After thanking Blagden for the trouble he has taken 'in transmitting the thanks of the R: Socy. To me for the trifling performance I sent to the Library', Hamilton continues: 'I consider myself as honoured by its reception.

[John Aikin, physician and author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. Aikin') to Dr [James] Currie of Liverpool, expressing thanks for his attention to his indisposed daughter [Lucy Aikin] and praising his 'elegant studies'.

Author: 
John Aikin (1747-1822), physician and author, brother of Anna Laetitia Barbauld (1743-1825) [James Currie (1756-1805) of Liverpool, Scottish physician, author and editor; Lucy Aikin (1781-1864)]
Publication details: 
Stoke Newington; 1 January 1801.
£400.00

1p, 4to. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to one edge on reverse, which is addressed, with two postmarks (one 'S Newington | Unpaid'), to 'Miss Aikin | Dr. Currie's | Liverpool', and is endorsed by Currie. In 1810 the subject of this letter Lucy Aikin published a poem on the letter's recipient, titled: 'Dirge for the Late James Currie, M.D., of Liverpool', in her 'Epistles on the Character and Condition of Women'.

[William Oliver of Bath, celebrated physician.] Autograph Prescription Signed ('W O'), 'For ye Right Honble The Lord Palmerston', endorsed 'Dr. Oliver's Purge that will work Gently –'.

Author: 
William Oliver (1695-1764) of Bath, celebrated physician, inventor of the Bath bun and Bath Oliver biscuit [Henry Temple, 1st Viscount Palmerston (1673-1757)]
Publication details: 
[Bath.] 9 October 1734.
£600.00

1p, landscape 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount on reverse, which is endorsed: 'Dr. Oliver's Purge that will work Gently –'. Folded three times. Headed: 'For ye Right Honble | The Lord Palmerston'. Customary prescription, in Latin, over seven lines, beginning as usual with 'Rx'. At foot: 'W O | Octbr 9 1734'. From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[John Johnstone, physician and biographer of Samuel Parr.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J Johnstone'), concurring with 'Mr Pott' (i.e. the surgeon Percivall Pott) on the treatment of the recipient's 'complaint'.

Author: 
John Johnstone (1768-1836), physician and biographer of his friend Samuel Parr, physician to the Birmingham general hospital [Percivall Pott (1714-1788), celebrated surgeon]
Publication details: 
Worcester; 6 Sept [1786].
£500.00

2pp, 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf, which is endorsed 'Docr. Johnstone | 6 Sep. 1786'. The recipient is not named. Twenty-eight lines of text, beginning: 'Dr Sir | I got home tuesday night and sent my son over to Mr Pott, to let him know your wishes. He answered he was engaged every day to dinner, and could not fix any particular time to be at Malvern.

[George Nesse Hill, surgeon, Brunonian psychiatrist, asylum keeper.] Two Autograph Letters, one signed ('G N Hill | Secy'), one in the third person, to John Davy, military surgeon, brother of Sir Humphrey Davy, on the Medical Society of Chester.

Author: 
George Nesse Hill (1766-1831) of Alcaston Manor, Chester, Cheshire, surgeon, champion of Brunonian psychaitry and asylum keeper [John Davy (1790-1868), army surgeon, brother of Sir Humphrey Davy]
Publication details: 
[Chester.] 30 August and 30 October 1827.
£500.00

Bynum and Porter, in their 'Brunonianism in Britain and Europe' (1988), describe Hill – keeper at one point of two asylums – as a 'substantial figure [...] a champion of Brunonian psychiatry'. For the recipient John Davy (1790-1868), anatomist and physiologist, brother of Sir Humphrey Davy, see his entry in the Oxford DNB. Two letters, both in good condition, attached to one another along one edge, with thin strip from mount adhering. Both letters are bifoliums, and both have had the second leaf, trimmed along the fore-edge, resulting in each case to slight loss to the address.

[Thomas Arnold, physician and writer on mental illness.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thos. Arnold.') to physician and botanist Richard Pulteney, requesting on behalf of William Withering the loan of a book and assistance with his researches..

Author: 
Thomas Arnold (1742-1816), Leicester physician and writer on mental illness [Richard Pulteney (1730-1801), physician and botanist, biographer of Linnaeus; William Withering (1741-1799), botanist]
Publication details: 
Leicester; 21 September 1789.
£400.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium, addressed on reverse of second leaf, with seal in red wax, to 'Dr. Pulteney, Physician, | at Blandford, | Dorsetshire.' Arnold begins by stating that he is 'desired by Dr: Withering' to inform Pulteney 'that he has part of the third Volume of his Botanical Arrangement ready for your acceptance, & will put it into my hand to convey to you, in a few days'. Withering 'reserves for further investigation' the 'Class Cryptogamia' and 'means to introduce a synoptic view of all Hedwig's discoveries'.

[Johann Georg Zimmermann, Swiss philosopher, naturalist and physician to Frederick the Great .] Autograph Letter Signed ('Zimmerman.' [sic]), in French, to 'Monsieur le General Grenville', suggesting treatment for his 'melancolie'.

Author: 
Johann Georg Ritter von Zimmermann [Johann Georg Zimmermann] (1728-1795), Swiss philosopher, naturalist and physician to Frederick the Great
Publication details: 
'Hanover 2. May 1787.'
£1,500.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged. With thin strip of paper attached to reverse of second leaf, which is addressed, with seal in red wax, to 'Monsieur le General Grenville.' He begins by reassuring him, and condoling with him over his excessive sufferings ('vous en souffrés excessivement'), and continues: 'Votre oppressions paroit etre nerveuse, et elle dévient [sic] plus considerables a mésure que vous vous en saupés dâvantage.

[Princess Elizabeth, daughter of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Elizabeth') to Anna Maria Dashwood, regarding an offer from Lord Cathcart to place her father Sir Henry Dashwood's eldest son in the Life Guards.

Author: 
Princess Elizabeth (1770-1840), daughter of George III, Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg, artist [Anna Maria Tottenham-Loftus, Marchionesss of Ely; Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood; Lord Cathcart]
Publication details: 
Weymouth; 15 September 1799.
£500.00

The recipient Anna Maria Dashwood (1785-1857) was the daughter of Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood (1745-1828), and was fourteen years old at the time the letter was written. In 1810 she would marry John Loftus (1770-1845), 2nd Marquess of Ely. An Anne Dashwood – presumably a relation – had been a maid of honour of Princess Elizabeth's mother Queen Charlotte. The letter is written in the most affectionate terms, and concerns an offer by William Cathcart (1755-1843), 1st Earl Cathcart, to place Sir Henry Dashwood's eldest son Henry George Mayne Dashwood (1782-1803) in the Life Guards. 5pp, 4to.

[George II.] Autograph Signature ('George R.') in the last year of his life, with those of Lord North, the Duke of Newcastle, James Oswald, Lord Barrington and four others, on warrant placing Lieut George Gardner on half pay.

Author: 
George II (1683-1760); Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-92); William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington (1717-93); James Oswald (1715-1769); Thomas Farraine; Bridges Thomas Foote
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court in Kensington this 17th: day of May 1760 in the Thirty Third Year of Our Reign'.
£1,000.00

Signed by George II, and by three of the five Lords Commissioners of the Treasury: Lord North (the future Prime Minister during the American War of Independence), the Duke of Newcastle and James Oswald. Also signed by Lord Barrington, Thomas Farraine, Bridges Thomas Foote and two others. 3pp, foolscap 8vo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. Folded three times. The king's signature ('George R.'), given within months of his death, is firmly written in the customary place at the top left of the document.

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