MADNESS

[Sir Henry Halford, President of the Royal College of Physicians.] Autograph Letter in third person to [G. J. Guthrie] President of the Royal College of Surgeons, explaining non-attendance at the coming Hunterian Oration.

Author: 
Sir Henry Halford [born Henry Vaughan] (1766-1844), Physician Extraordinary to George III, George IV, William IV and the young Victoria
Publication details: 
Curzon Street [London].14 February 1833.
£60.00

2pp, 12mo. In fair condition, aged, but with closed tear along inner edge of leaf caused by removal from mount, and affecting a couple of words of text. The letter reads: 'Sir Henry Halford assures the President of the Royal College of Surgeons that it grieves him to forgo the pleasure of being present at the Hunterian Oration today, and of waiting upon Him at dinner, but a most important engagement at King's College to meet the Council at half past two compels Sir Henry to relinquish his fixt intention -'.

[Official announcement of the death of King George III.] Printed periodical: 'The London Gazette Extraordinary', announcing the king's death.

Author: 
[Death of King George III] The London Gazette
Publication details: 
'Published by Authority. | Monday, January 31, 1820.' [Niumb. 17559.] London: 'Printed by Robert George Clarke, Cannon-Row, Parliament-Street.'
£150.00

3pp, small 4to. Bifolium on wove paper. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with closed tear at head of gutter. Customary tax stamp in red on first page. Each page with mourning border. In small print and double column.

[William Heberden, Physician-in-Ordinary to George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W. Heberden') on putting 'Dr Halloran's proposal' on administering arsenic to the king to the mad-doctors Robert Darling Willis, Thomas Monro and Samuel Foart Simmons.

Author: 
William Heberden the younger (1767-1845) [the madness of King George III; Robert Darling Willis; Thomas Monro; Samuel Foart Simmons; William Saunders Hallaran]
Publication details: 
Pall Mall [London]. 7 November [no year, but between 1810 and 1820].
£750.00

The present item dates from the final period of the king's mental instability, 1810-1820. Heberden – the son of the 'father of rheumatology' William Heberden the elder (1710-1801) – had been appointed Physician-Extraordinary to the queen in 1795, and by 1809 was Physician-in-Ordinary to both queen and king.

[William Pitt the Younger, Tory Prime MInister.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W Pitt'), asking Earl Gower to move the address in the House of Commons on George III's recovery from his first bout of mental instability.

Author: 
William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806), Tory Prime Minister during the wars with France and Napoleon [George Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland [as Earl Gower] (1758-1833); George III]
Publication details: 
Downing Street [London]. 6 March 1789.
£1,500.00

The letter is written a few weeks after the king's recovery from his first bout of mental instability. In the period immediately preceeding the king's recovery a Regency Bill had been making its way through the House of Commons. It was made redundant by the king's recovery; had it been enacted the Prince of Wales, as Regent, would almost certainly have dismissed Pitt in favour of his rival Charles James Fox.

[George III, King of England, writes on the eve of his first bout of insanity.] Disordered Autograph Letter Signed ('G. R'), in the third person, giving agricultural directions to 'Robinson', i.e. his shepherd at Windsor Ralph Robinson.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820), King of England [Ralph Robinson, the king's shepherd at Windsor]
Publication details: 
'Cheltenham July 17th. 1788'
£800.00

The recipient, Ralph Robinson, was George III's shepherd at Windsor, and the king (whose interest in agriculture earned him the nickname 'Farmer George') published contributions to the Annals of Agriculture under Robinson's name. 1p, 4to. Aged, soiled and worn in the folds, the wear taking in part of the royal signature. Archivally repaired, and with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the blank reverse. An unusual letter, showing the king's meticulous attention to detail.

[Sir Henry Halford, physician extraordinary to four monarchs, including George III in his madness. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Henry Halford') to Sir Henry Ellis, Principal Librarian at the British Museum, asking for help in writing royal biographies

Author: 
Sir Henry Halford (1766-1844), physician extraordinary to George III, George IV, William IV and the young Victoria [Sir Henry Ellis (1777-1869), Principal Librarian at the British Museum]
Publication details: 
Pall Mall [London]. 7 November [no year].
£250.00

4pp, 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of tissue from mount adhering to one edge. Folded three times. An interesting letter, in which Halford asks Ellis for assistance in the writing of royal biographies for the Royal College of Physicians (of which he was President from 1820 to 1844), while explaining that it would not be 'proper' to go 'lower' than George II.

[Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.] Unsigned manuscript letter written to him from America by a religious fanatic, on the subject of 'that Ruffen O'Connell' and 'his own papist breatheren', with two autograph notes by Wellington.

Author: 
Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), 1st Duke of Wellington, conquerer of Napoleon and British prime minister
Publication details: 
New York. 20 July 1843.
£150.00

1p., 4to. Bifolium. Addressed on reverse of second leaf to 'His Grace The Duke of Wellington | London | Europe'. With postmark of 'LIVERPOOL SHIP'. In fair condition, on aged paper. 47 lines of closely-written text. A ranting missive, the reading of which requires Wellington's sense of duty.

Autograph Letter Signed from 'Chas. Hamilton', informing Henry Dundas that 'Doctor Morris of Parliament Street' has cured three men 'labouring under the same disorder which now afflicts our gracious Sovereign [King George III].

Author: 
Charles Hamilton (1753-1828), 8th Earl of Haddington [Michael Morris (d.1791) MD; Henry Dundas (1742-1811), 1st Viscount Melville; the madness of King George III; John Sheldon (1752-1808), anatomist]
Publication details: 
Without place or date, but written during the King's first attack, 1788-1789.
£220.00

2pp., 4to. Bifolium. Text complete, on aged paper with a number of closed tears repaired with archival tape. The second leaf of the bifolium, lacking a strip at the top, is docketed 'Dr. Morris of Parliament Street's Success in curing Persons afflicted with Complaints similar to that which His Majesty labours under'. Considering the political content at the end of the letter, the author is probably Charles Hamilton, at the time of writing known by his courtesy title of Lord Binning.

[Vellum indenture.] Grant of the Custody of the person and management of the real and personal Estate of Maria Anna Zachary Spinster a Lunatic unto Charles Claridge Gentleman'.

Author: 
[Maria Anna Zachary; Shepherd]
Grant of the Custody of the person and management of a Lunatic
Publication details: 
27 September 1838.
£250.00
Grant of the Custody of the person and management of a Lunatic

Striking vellum document, 60 x 75 cm. Docketed on reverse. 32 lines of text, ruled with red lines, with ornate engraved decorative border along three sides, headed in large letters 'Victoria by the Grace of God', and depicting the young Queen, the royal crest, a crown held by a cherub, blind justice, and other images. Tax stamp in margin and frayed ribbon at foot. On 9 September [V Geo.

[printed pamphlet] A Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the Protection afforded the King's Majesty [George III] during a long and an arduous Reign. [...] the 25th of October 1809. Being the Day on which His Majesty began His happy Reign.

Author: 
[prayer for King George III, 1809; George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, the King's printers; liturgies and prayers]
Publication details: 
London: Printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the King's most Excellent Majesty. 1809.
£65.00

Small 4to, 4 pp. Disbound (from a collection of pamphlets assembled by Gilbert Buchanan), and with neat strip of tape along margin of last page. Good, with neat vertical fold from placement in 8vo volume. Uncommon. COPAC only lists copies at Cambridge, Oxford, Lambeth Palace and the British LIbrary.

[pamphlet on King George III's illness] A Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God; [...] for the signal Interposition of His good Providence in delivering our most Gracious Sovereign from the severe Illness with which he hath been afflicted.

Author: 
[Prayer and Thanksgiving for the recovery of King George III, 1789; Charles Eyre and Andrew Strahan, the King's Printers; liturgies; forms of prayer]
Pamphlet on King George III's illness
Publication details: 
By His Majesty's Special Command. London: Printed by Charles Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the King's most Excellent Majesty. 1789.
£56.00
Pamphlet on King George III's illness

Small 4to, 12 pp. Disbound, with neat strip of ribbon to margin of last page, and vertical fold from placement in 8vo volume. Very good, with neat repairs to last two leaves. Cropped contemporary ownership signature of Gilbert Buchanan (from whose collection of pamphlets the item derives) at head of title-page. This original is uncommon: the large majority of the entries for this item on COPAC are for electronic reproductions.

[printed pamphlet on King George III's illness] A Prayer to be used on Litany Days before the Litany, and on other Days immediately before the Prayer for all Conditions of Men, [...] during His Majesty's present Indisposition.

Author: 
[Prayer for King George III, 1788; Charles Eyre and Andrew Strahan, the King's Printers; liturgies, forms of prayer]
Printed pamphlet on King George III's illness
Publication details: 
London: Printed by Charles Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the King's most Excellent Majesty. 1788.
£56.00
Printed pamphlet on King George III's illness

Small 4to, 4 pp. Disbound (from a collection of pamphlets assembled by Gilbert Buchanan), and with neat strip of tape along margin of last page. Good, with neat vertical fold from placement in 8vo volume. Uncommon: most of the entries listed on COPAC are for the electronic reproduction.

[printed pamphlet on King George III's recovery from illness] A Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God; to be used after the General Thanksgiving, [...] on Sunday the First Day of March 1789; [...]

Author: 
[prayer for King George III, 1789; Charles Eyre and Andrew Strahan, the King's Printers; liturgies and forms of prayer]
Printed pamphlet on King George III's illness
Publication details: 
London: Printed by Charles Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the King's most Excellent Majesty. 1789.
£56.00
Printed pamphlet on King George III's illness

Small 4to, 4 pp. Disbound, and with neat strip of tape along margin of last page. Good, with neat vertical fold from placement in 8vo volume. Contemporary ownership signature of Gilbert Buchanan (from whose collection of pamphlets the item derives) at head of title page. Uncommon: the majority of the entries on COPAC are for the electronic reproduction.

[printed pamphlet] A Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the Protection afforded the King's Majesty [George III] during a long and an arduous Reign. [...] the 25th of October 1809. Being the Day on which His Majesty began His happy Reign.

Author: 
[prayer for King George III, 1809; George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, the King's printers; liturgies and prayers]
Publication details: 
London: Printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the King's most Excellent Majesty. 1809.
£65.00

Small 4to, 4 pp. Disbound (from a collection of pamphlets assembled by Gilbert Buchanan), and with neat strip of tape along margin of last page. Good, with neat vertical fold from placement in 8vo volume. Uncommon. COPAC only lists copies at Cambridge, Oxford, Lambeth Palace and the British LIbrary.

[pamphlet on King George III's illness] A Prayer to be used Immediately before the Litany when it shall be read; [...] to be continued during His Majesty's present Indisposition.'

Author: 
[Prayer for King George III, 1810; George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, the King's Printers; liturgies, forms of prayer]
Printed pamphlet on King George III's illness
Publication details: 
London: Printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the King's most Excellent Majesty. 1810.
£65.00
Printed pamphlet on King George III's illness

Small 4to, 4 pp. Disbound, and with neat strip of tape along margin of last page. Good, with neat vertical fold from placement in 8vo volume. A few contemporary pencil notes in margin, presumably by Gilbert Buchanan, from whose collection of pamphlets the item derives. Uncommon. Five copies on COPAC: Oxford, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Lambeth Palace and the British Library.

[printed handbill] A Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God, Upon the Prospect of His Majesty the King's Recovery from His dangerous Sickness. To be used At Morning and Evening Service, After the General Thanksgiving.

Author: 
[madness of King George III; George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, the King's Printers]
[Madness of King George III]
Publication details: 
London: Printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the King's most Excellent Majesty. 1804.
£145.00
[Madness of King George III]

Small 4to, 3 pp. Paginated [1]-4. Good, on lightly-aged paper. Formerly a bifolium, but with the two leaves now separated and attached by a thin strip. Part of mount adhering to second leaf.

[printed handbill] A Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God, For His Majesty the King's Recovery from His late dangerous Sickness. To be used At Morning and Evening Service, After the General Thanksgiving.

Author: 
[madness of King George III; George Eyre and Andrew Strahan]
[madness of King George III]
Publication details: 
London: Printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the King's most Excellent Majesty. 1801.
£145.00
[madness of King George III]

Small 4to, 3 pp. Paginated [1]-4. Good, on lightly-aged paper. Formerly a bifolium, but with the two leaves now separated and attached by a thin strip. Part of mount adhering to second leaf.

Two Autograph Letters Signed (both 'G D Yeats') to his sister Jane Ellen Paterson, wife of Admiral C. W. Paterson.

Author: 
Grant David Yeats [G. D. Yeats] (1773-1836), English physician, born in Florida, America [Jane Ellen Paterson; Admiral Charles William Paterson (1756-1841)]
Publication details: 
Letter One: 18 July 1823; Tunbridge Wells. Letter Two: 3 November 1823; 17 Queen's Place, Mayfair.
£56.00

Both items clear and entire: good on lightly aged paper. Both addressed, with postmarks, to 'Mrs. Admiral Paterson, East Cosham Cottage, near Portsmouth.' Letter One, to 'My dear Ellen' (4to, 8 pp). Long letter, leaving his sister 'to judge as a reasonable Being whether I do not do every thing that can possibly be expected from me'. He is at present in debt to the tune of £460. Letter Two, to 'My dear Sister' (4to, 4 pp). Another letter dealing with the financial matters of the family. Docketed 'Dr. Yeats most strongly desiring his Sister Mrs.

Handbill poem, entitled 'The Regency, A New Song in Honour of His Majesty and the Prince of Wales. Tune - "Hearts of Oak." '

Author: 
G. M'Ardell, printer, Newcastle-street, Strand [the madness of King George III; King George IV; the Prince Regent]
Publication details: 
[Undated, but between 1810 and 1820.] London: Printed by G. M'Ardell, Newcastle-street, Strand.
£120.00

Printed on one side of a piece of rough wove paper, approximately 24 x 10.5 cm. Text clear and entire on aged, creased paper. A production in favour of the Prince Regent, with no trace of sarcasm apparent. Consists of six four-line stanzas, each followed by the chorus 'Hearts of Oak, &c.' First stanza reads 'Come cheer up my lads, we'll no longer repine, | United, we'll triumph - OUR CAUSE is divine!

Autograph Signature ('J. Aislabie') on fragment of letter.

Author: 
John Aislabie (1670-1742), English Chancellor of the Exchequer, best-known for his involvement in the South Sea Bubble
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£28.00

On piece of paper roughly 3.5 x 5.5 cm. Good firm signature, on lightly discoloured paper. Reads '<...> date hereof. | [signed] J. Aislabie'. Lightly docketed in pencil 'of South Sea notoriety'.

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