[The Indian Students' Association and the 1922 Lytton Committee report.] Folder containing thirteen typewritten documents in answer to criticism in 'Report on the Committee on Indian Students 1921-22', with associated material and copy of the report.

Committee on Indian Students 1921-22 ('The Lytton Committee'); Indian Students' Department, London [Victor Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton (1876-1947)]
Publication details: 
Thirteen files by the Indian Students' Department, London, four of them dating from between January and March 1923. The published Lytton Report: London: Printed by His Majesty's Stationery Office for the India Office. 1922. Another item from 1921.
SKU: 22950

Three items, the first being a file containing the aggrieved 'Answer' of the Indian Students' Department to the criticisms of it within the 1922 report of the Committee on Indian Students ('The Lytton Committee'), comprising thirteen documents, all typewritten, and several with manuscript emendations; the second item being a small collection of related newspaper cuttings, along with the typescript of an article, and a copy of a printed item titled 'Correspondence between the Secretary of State for India and Lord Lytton' (1921), no other copy of the last of which having been located; the third item being a copy of the published report itself. The terms of reference of the Lytton Committee are reproduced in Item Three below. The report's treatment of the ISD is indicated by the whole page dealing with it in the Report's 'Index to Evidence', under entries including '[Abolition] not Advocated but change of angle of vision required', 'Complaints against', 'Espionage: [...] Suspicions of, and distrust by students' (also 'impossibility of dissipation doubted while organisation official'), 'Hostility of Students to', 'no real Need for, but some central organisation in London necessary', 'Unnecessary and harmful and abolition advocated', 'Unpopularity, causes', 'Valuable in the past and might be again with certain changes', 'Woman secretary necessary, if number of women students increased'. The greater part (sections 64-74) of the fourth chapter of the report, 'The Merits and Defects of Existing Organisations', deals with the ISD, with four largely-critical conclusions. While the 1922 Report only cites evidence from seven students interviewed by the Lytton Committee, the twelfth of the thirteen sections of the ISD file ('NOTES regarding the Indian Students interviewed by Lord Lytton's Committee and 21, Cromwell Road') states that sixty-nine students were interviewed, and Sections Nine and Ten of the ISD file contain a total of 18pp of typewritten notes, with manuscript additions, on those individuals, providing a wealth of information about the status and activities of Indian students in early twentieth-century Britain. Two of the longer entries, each of more than a page, concern: 'G. D. KELKAR Sheffield' (showing 'the undesirability of sending students of such an age as 39 as Government Scholars'), and 'a most unsatisfactory student', 'P. D. KAPUR Glasgow', whose entry describes his 'unsatisfactory conduct', and concludes: 'On pretext of fetching his luggage he went to Glasgow and when there replied by post that he refused to sail and refused to pay the amount due to him. His scholarship was accordingly cancelled and his claim to a passage forfeited. This we duly communicated to the Governor of the United Provinces who approved of the action taken in the matter. It has since been ascertained that Mr. Kapur has a wife and child in Glasgow.' The three items are as follows (Items One and Two being housed together in a buff card folder). ONE: Typescripts of thirteen sets of notes, memoranda and drafts, under the overall manuscript title: 'Lytton Committee. | (Our Answer to their Report.). A total of 148pp, folio. In good condition, lightly aged. The twelve sections are attached with a tag, and are preceded by a covering leaf on which is printed an 'Indian Students Branch' form bearing the manuscript title. The thirteenth sections are anonymous, and the annotations and typing styles indicate that they are from a number of difference sources within the ISD. The most finished among them are Section Two, 'Observations on the Report of the Lytton Committee' (34pp), and Section Thirteen, 'Memorandum' (25pp). Other long treatments are Section Four, 'Criticisms of New Organisations Proposed' (14pp); and Section Eight, 'Draft Memorandum' (19pp). Sections Nine and Ten contain a total of 18pp of interesting 'Notes regarding Indian Students who gave Evidence before the Lytton Committee as disclosed in papers of the Department.' The thirteen sections are as follows. First: 'Notes on the Lytton Committee'. [6]pp. In manuscript at head of first page: 'F. H. B. | 1/iii/23.' Second: 'Observations on the Report of the Lytton Committee'. Dated in manuscript at head of first page: '22/i/23'. 34pp. Slip of paper with amended text pasted in on p.20. Third: Untitled. [5]pp of draft notes, lettered a-e. With pencil emendations and the deletion of half a page. Fourth: 'Criticisms of New Organisations Proposed'. [14]pp. Fifth: Untitled conclusion. [5]pp. Sixth: 'Concluding Notes'. [4]pp, lettered in pencil a-d. Seventh: Untitled text. [3]pp, lettered a-c. Eighth: 'Draft Memorandum'. 19pp. Ninth: 'Notes regarding Indian Students who gave Evidence before the Lytton Committee as disclosed in papers of the Department.' [14]pp. With extensive pencil emendations and a couple of entries deleted. Tenth: 'Notes regarding Indian Students who gave evidence before the Lytton Committee as disclosed in papers of the Department' (second part). [4]pp. With pencil emendations. Eleventh: 'NOTES regarding the Indian Students interviewed by Lord Lytton's Committee and 21, Cromwell Road.' [4]pp. In manuscript at end: 'R. M. [?] | 26/i/23.' Twelfth: 'Notes on the Lytton Committee'. 11pp. In manuscript at head of first page: 'B.' and '6/ii/23'. (The eleventh and twelfth sections typed by the same party, with headings underlined in red.) Thirteenth: 'Memorandum'. 25pp.TWO: File of newspaper cuttings and other matter, with covering 'Indian Students Branch' printed form (as Item One) bearing the manuscript title: 'Lytton Committee - Cuttings.' Comprising: first, a printed government document (4pp, folio), with slug dated October 1921, titled 'Correspondence between the Secretary of State for India and Lord Lytton.' (transcripts of one long letter apiece from Edwin Montagu and Lytton, both from October 1921), no other copy of which is listed on OCLC WorldCat; second, an eight-page typescript headed 'Extract from The Hindu dated Thursday, September 8, 1921.' (article titled 'The Indian Students' Enquiry | The Students' Grievances | An Exclusive Report | (by St. Nihal Singh)'); third, five newspaper cuttings - from The Times (2), Morning Post, Daily Telegraph (2) - laid down on leaves of government paper. THREE: Lytton Committee Report, 1922 publication. Full title: 'Report on the Committee on Indian Students 1921-22. Part I: The Report and Appendices. Part II: The Evidence.' ('The Right Honourable the Earl of Lytton, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for India (Chairman)'.) [2] + 395pp, folio. Stapled into original blue printed wraps. In good condition, on lightly aged paper, with rusting staples, in fair wraps, with slight wear and tearing at spine. A weighty tome. Evidence was taken from a large number of individuals, ranging from Dr J. G. Adami, Vice-Chancellor of Liverpool University, to Mr. L. Zutshi, 'Student of the Royal School of Mines, London': their details are given on six pages at the end of the volume. The index to the evidence follows on pp.362-395, beginning with 'Aberdeen University, reason for more Indian students not going to', and ending with 'Zoology course, training in India possibility'. The terms of reference were: 'To report and make recommendations in regard to - | (1) The adequacy of existing arrangements in India for facilitating the access of Indian students to the United Kingdom, including the constitution and working of the Advisory Committee and their future relations to the Provincial Governments; | (2) The extent and directions in which the Secretary of State's control should be exercised as distinct from the actual work of administration which will be entrusted to the High Commissioner; | (3) Details of the work to be undertaken in the United Kingdom and the relations that should be established with Universities and other institutions or bodies or with manufacturers or commercial firms in order to provide for the admission of Indian students and the provision of any special or technical training that may be required; and | (4) Any other question affecting the education or well-being of Indian students in this or any other country upon which the Committee may desire to make recommendations.' Now scarce. From the papers formerly held at the headquarters of the National Indian Association and the Northbrook Society, 21 Cromwell Road, London. For the context see F. H. Brown's article 'Indian Students in Great Britain' (with 'Discussion'), Asiatic Review, July 1925, quoting Sir Charles E. Yate: 'The special organization promoted by the State for the welfare and interests of Indian students in Great Britain is known as the Indian Students' Department, under the special charge of the High Commissioner for India, and on that Department lies the responsibility for the welfare or otherwise of the students.' See also the East India Association 1919 'Report of the Commission appointed by the government of India to enquire into the conditions and prospects of the University of Calcutta': 'Owing to the increasing number of Indian students in the United Kingdom, it was considered necessary in 1909 to constitute an organisation, subsequently called the Indian Students' Department, to supervise the needs of these Indian students. In recent years this Department has acted as an intermediary between educational institutions in the United Kingdom and Indian students. Provincial advisory committees have also been constituted in the important Indian centres.'